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Processing and Analysing an Ensemble of Climate Projections for th...

By: J. Namyslo; S. Plagemann; F. Imbery

Description: German Weather Service, Offenbach, Germany. The research programme KLIWAS, funded by the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban affairs is focussed on climate change and its impacts on waterways and navigation for Germany in the 21th century. In order to derive sound statements about the range of possible future climate changes, KLIWAS use hydro-meteorological information derived from a wide variety of global and regional climate model...

Teutschbein, C. and Seibert, J.: Is bias correction of Regional Climate Model (RCM) simulations possible for non-stationary conditions?, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 9, 12765–12795, doi:10.5194/hessd-9-12765-2012, 2012.; Theme{ß}l, M. J., Gobiet, A., and Heinrich, G.: Empirical-statistical downscaling and error correction of regional climate models and its impact on the climate change signal, Climatic Change,...

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Monitoring of Climate Change in Germany – Data, Products and Servi...

By: H. Mächel; G. Müller-westermeier; A. Kaiser-weiss; E. Penda; T. Deutschländer; K. Zimmermann; F. Kaspar

Deutscher Wetterdienst: Die deutschen Klimabeobachtungssysteme. Inventarbericht zum Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), Selbstverlag des Deutschen Wetterdienstes, Offenbach am Main, 130 pp., http://www.gcos.de/inventarbericht, 2013.; Herzog, J. and Müller-Westermeier, G.: Homogenitätsprüfung und Homogenisierung klimatologischer Messreihen im Deutschen Wetterdienst, Berichte des Deutschen Wetterdienstes 202, Selbstverlag ...

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Data Rescue of National and International Meteorological Observati...

By: B. Tinz; L. Gates; H. Mächel; F. Kaspar

Description: Deutscher Wetterdienst, Nationale Klimaüberwachung, Offenbach, Germany. Germany's national meteorological service (Deutscher Wetterdienst, DWD) houses in Offenbach and Hamburg huge archives of historical handwritten journals of weather observations. They comprise not only observations from Germany, but also of the oceans and land stations in many parts of the world. DWD works on the digitization and quality control of these archives. The current status is presented here.

Wege, K.: Die Entwicklung der meteorologischen Dienste in Deutschland, in: Geschichte der Meteorologie in Deutschland, Deutscher Wetterdienst, 2002.; Allan, R., Brohan, P., Compo, G. P., Stone, R., Luterbacher, J., and Brönnimann, S.: The International Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) Initiative, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 92, 1421–1425, 2011a.; Allan, R., Compo, G., and Carton, J.: Recovery of Global Surface Weather Observations for Historical R...

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Synoptic-mesoscale Analysis and Numerical Modeling of a Tornado Ev...

By: P. T. Nastos; I. Pytharoulis; I. T. Matsangouras

Description: Laboratory of Climatology and Atmospheric Environment, Faculty of Geology and Geoenvironment, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece. Tornadoes are furious convective weather phenomena, with the maximum frequency over Greece during the cold period (autumn, winter).This study analyzes the tornado event that occurred on 12 February 2010 near Vrastama village, at Chalkidiki's prefecture, a non urban area 45 km southeast of Thessaloniki in no...

Fujita, T. T.: Tornadoes around the world, Weatherwise, 26, 56–62, 1973.; Bertato, M., Giaiotti, D. B., Manzato, A., and Stel, F.: An interesting case of tornado in Friuli-Norteastern Italy, Atmos. Res., 67–68, 3–21, 2003.; Bluestein, H. B., Wesley, P. U., Dowell, D. C., Hutchinson, T. A., Crawford, T. M., and Wood, A. C.: Doppler radar analysis of the Northfield, Texas, tornado of 25 May 1994, J. Appl. Meteorol., 125, 212–230, 1997.; Church, C. R., Burgess, D., Doswell,...

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The New Wmo Ra VI Regional Climate Centre Node on Climate Monitori...

By: P. Bissolli; H. Nitsche; J. Rapp

Description: Deutscher Wetterdienst, Regional Climate Centre Node on Climate Monitoring (WMO RA VI), Frankfurter Str. 135, 63067 Offenbach am Main, Germany. Regional Climate Centres are institutions with the capacity and mandate by WMO to develop high quality regional-scale products using global products, national input and incorporating regional information. Recently a pilot network of three Regional Climate Centre consortia was established for the WMO region RA VI ...

Haylock, M. R., Hofstra, N., Klein Tank, A. M. G., Klok, E. J., Jones, P. D., and New, M.: A European daily high-resolution gridded data set of surface temperature and precipitation for 1950–2006, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D20119, doi:10.1029/2008JD010201, 2008.; Hogewind, F. and Bissolli, P.: Operational Maps of Monthly Mean Temperature for WMO-Region VI (Europe and Middle East), Idöjaras, 115, 1/2, 31–49, 2011.; Pietzsch,...

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Data Quality Control and Homogenization of Air Temperature and Pre...

By: P. Skalák; P. Štěpánek; P. Zahradníček

Description: Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Regional Office Brno, Czech Republic. Quality control and homogenization has to be undertaken prior to any data analysis in order to eliminate any erroneous values and non climatic biases in time series. In this work we describe and then apply our own approach to data quality control, combining several methods: (i) by applying limits derived from interquartile ranges (ii) by analyzing difference series between candid...

Alexandersson, A.: A homogeneity test applied to precipitation data, J. Climatol., 6, 661–675, 1986.; Alexandersson, A.: Homogenity testing, multiple breaks and trends, in: Proc. 6th Int. Meeting on Stat. Climatology, Galway, Ireland, 439–441, 1995.; Brandsma, T.: Weather-type dependent homogenization of daily Zwanenburg/De Bilt temperature series, http://www.met.hu/omsz.php?almenu_id=omsz&pid=seminars&pri=6&mpx=1&sm0=0&tfi=brandsma, 2000.; Della-Marta, P. M. and Wanner,...

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Quality Control of 10-min Soil Temperatures Data at Rmi : Volume 1...

By: C. Bertrand; L. González Sotelino; M. Journée

Description: Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium. Soil temperatures at various depths are unique parameters useful to describe both the surface energy processes and regional environmental and climate conditions. To provide soil temperature observation in different regions across Belgium for agricultural management as well as for climate research, soil temperatures are recorded in 13 of the 20 automated weather stations operated by the Royal ...

Bertrand, C., Gonzalez Sotelino, L., and Journée, M.: Quality control of 10-min air temperature data at RMI, Adv. Sci. Res., 10, 1–5, doi:10.5194/asr-10-1-2013, 2013.; Best, M. J., Cox, P. M., and Warrilow, D.: determining the optimal soil temperature scheme for atmospheric modeling applications, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 114, 111–142, 2005.; Gandin, L. S.: Complex quality control of meteorological observations, Mon. Weath...

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Data-driven Exploration of Orographic Enhancement of Precipitation...

By: A. Pozdnoukhov; M. Kanevski; L. Foresti

Description: Institute of Geomatics and Analysis of Risk, University of Lausanne, Switzerland. This study presents a methodology to analyse orographic enhancement of precipitation using sequences of radar images and a digital elevation model. Image processing techniques are applied to extract precipitation cells from radar imagery. DEM is used to derive the topographic indices potentially relevant to orographic precipitation enhancement at different spatial scales, ...

Frei, C.: Eine Länder übergreifende Niederschlagsanalyse zum August Hochwasser 2005. Ergänzung zu Arbeitsbericht 211., Tech. rep., Arbeitsbericht MeteoSchweiz Nr. 213, 2006.; Germann, U. and Zawadzki, I.: Scale-dependence of the Predictability of Precipitation From Continental Radar Images. Part I: Methodology, Mon. Weather Rev., 130, 2859–2873, 2002.; Gray, W. R. and Seed, A. W.: The characterisation of orographic rainfall, Meteorol. Appl., 7(2), 105–119, 2000.; Hartiga...

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The 27 July 2002 Tornado Event in Athens, Greece : Volume 4, Issue...

By: P. T. Nastos; J. T. Matsangouras

Description: Laboratory of Climatology and Atmospheric Environment, Faculty of Geology and Geoenvironment, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, 157 84 Athens, Greece. This study analyzes the tornado event on 27 July 2002 at Athens International Airport (Eleutherios Venizelos), a suburban area located at the east of Athens. The tornado was formed approximately at 10:20 UTC and characterized as T4 (Torro Scale). A synoptic discussion of the ECMWF analysis charts fr...

Bertato, M., Giaiotti, D. B., Manzato, A., and Stel, F.: An interesting case of tornado in Friuli-Norteastern Italy, Atmos. Res., 67–68, 3–21, 2003.; Bech, J., Pascual, R., Rigo, T., Pineda, N., López, J. M., Arús, J., and Gayà, M.: An observational study of the 7 September 2005 Barcelona tornado outbreak, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 7, 129–139, 2007.; Bechini, R., Giaiotti, D., Manzato, A., Stel, F. and Micheletti, S.: The June 4th 1999 severe weather episode in san ...

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The Verification of Seasonal Precipitation Forecasts for Early War...

By: K. Pilli-sihvola; L. Mtilatila; A. Venäläinen; H. Gregow; O. Hyvärinen

Description: Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland. We assess the probabilistic seasonal precipitation forecasts issued by Regional Climate Outlook Forum (RCOF) for the area of two southern African countries, Malawi and Zambia from 2002 to 2013. The forecasts, issued in August, are of rainy season rainfall accumulations in three categories (above normal, normal, and below normal), for early season (October–December) and late season (January–March). As o...

Hamill, T.: Hypothesis Tests for Evaluating Numerical Precipitation Forecasts, Weather Forecast., 14, 155–167, 1999.; Adler, R. F., Huffman, G. J., Chang, A., Ferraro, R., Xie, P.-P., Janowiak, J., Rudolf, B., Schneider, U., Curtis, S., Bolvin, D., Gruber, A., Susskind, J., Arkin, P., and Nelkin, E.: The Version-2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Precipitation Analysis (1979–Present), J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 1147–1167,

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Sensitivity of the Rmi's Magic/Heliosat-2 Method to Relevant Input...

By: C. Bertrand; M. Journée; C. Demain

Description: Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium. Appropriate information on solar resources is very important for a variety of technological areas. Based on the potential of retrieving global horizontal irradiance from satellite data, an enhanced version of the Heliosat-2 method has been implemented at the Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium to estimate surface solar irradiance over Belgium from Meteosat Second Generation at the SEVIR...

Asner, G. P.: Biophysical and Biochemical Sources of variability in Canopy Reflectance, Remote Sens. Environ., 64, 234–253, 1998.; Cano, D., Monget, J. M., Albuisson, M., Guillar, H., Regas, N., and Wald, L.: A method for the determination of the global solar radiation from meteorological satellite data, Sol. Energy, 56, 207–212, 1986.; Derrien, M. and Le Gléau, H.: MSG/SEVIRI cloud mask and type from SAFNWC, Int. J. Remote Sens., 26, 4707–4732, 2005.; Cebecauer, T., Sur...

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Hydrologic Balance Estimation Using Gis in Korinthia Prefecture, G...

By: A. Antonakos; Th. Mavrommatis; K. Voudouris

Description: Aristotle University, Dept. of Geology, Thessaloniki, Greece. The main objective of this work is to determine the parameters of hydrological balance for several basins in the prefecture of Korinthia (SE Greece), using hydrometeorological data and geographic information systems (GIS) technology. Multiple linear regression and GIS were used to estimate the spatial distribution of rainfall. The largest precipitation amounts occur in the SW part of the regi...

Naoum, S. and Tsanis, I. K.: Orographic precipitation modeling with multiple linear regression, J. Hydrol. Eng., 9, 79–102, 2004.; Amanatidis, G., Reparis, X., Paliatsos, A., Bartzis, I.: The spatial distribution of the precipitation trend in Greece, Proc. of the Congress of the Greek Committee for Water Resources Management (in Greek), 225–233, 1992.; Fidas, H., Noulopoulou, Ch. Makrogiannis, T., and Bora-Senta, E.: Trend analysis of precipitation time series in Greece ...

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Investigation of Balancing Effects in Long Term Renewable Energy F...

By: K. Nag; L. Von Bremen; E. Lorenz; D. Heinemann; A. Kies

Description: ForWind, Center for Wind Energy Research, University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany. A European power system mainly based on renewable sources will have dominant contributions from wind and solar power. However, wind and solar generation facilities have, due to the weather dependent nature of their resources, highly fluctuating feed-in profiles. To overcome the mismatch between power consumption and generation it is important to study and understand th...

Becker, S., Frew, B. A., Andresen, G. B., Jacobson, M. Z., Schramm, S., and Greiner, M.: Transmission grid extensions during the buildup of a fully renewable pan-european electricity supply, Energy, 64, 404–418, 2014.; Cano, D., Monget, J. M., Albuisson, M., Guillard, H., Regas, N., and Wald, L.: A method for the determination of the global solar radiation from meteorological satellite data, Solar Energy, 37, 31–39, 1986.; Huber, M., Dimkova, D., and Hamacher, T.: Integr...

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Matisse: an Arcgis Tool for Monitoring and Nowcasting Meteorologic...

By: P. Mercogliano; A. L. Zollo; V. Rillo

Description: Regional Models and geo-Hydrological Impacts Division, CMCC – EuroMediterranean Centre on Climate Change, Capua (CE), Italy. Adverse meteorological conditions are one of the major causes of accidents in aviation, resulting in substantial human and economic losses. For this reason it is crucial to monitor and early forecast high impact weather events. In this context, CIRA (Italian Aerospace Research Center) has implemented MATISSE (Meteorological AviaTIo...

Austin, G. and Bellon, A.: The use of digital weather radar records for short-term precipitation forecasting, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 100, 658–664, 1974.; Doms, G. and Schättler, U.: A description of the nonhydrostatic regional model LM, Deutscher Wetterdienst, Offenbach, Germany, 2002.; Barrere Jr., C. A., Eilts, M., Johnson, J., Fritchie, R., Spencer, P., Shaw, B., Li, Y., Ladwig, W., Schudalla, R., and Mitchell, D.: An Aviation Weather Decision Support System (AWDS...

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Warning! the Use of Meteorological Information During a Flash-floo...

By: L. Créton-cazanave

Description: Institut de Géographie Alpine, Université de Grenoble, 14bis avenue Marie Reynoard, 38000 Grenoble, France. Warning is a key issue to reduce flash floods impacts. But, despite many studies, local and national authorities still struggle to issue good flash floods warnings. We will argue that this failure results from a classical approach of warnings, based on a strict separation between the assessment world and the action world. We will go f...

Becker, H S.: Art worlds, University of California Press, 1984.; Carsell, K M., Pingel, N. D., and Ford, D. T.: Quantifying the benefit of a flood warning system, Nat. Hazards Rev., 5, 131–140, 2004.; Chateauraynaud, F. and Torny, D.: Les sombres précurseurs: une sociologie pragmatique de l'alerte et du risque, EHESS, 1999.; Demuth, J L., Gruntfest, E., Morss, R E., Drobot, S., and Lazo, J K.: WAS*IS: Building a Community for Integrating Meteorology and Social Science, B...

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Megapoli: Concept of Multi-scale Modelling of Megacity Impact on A...

By: B. Denby; F. Giorgi; J. Pyle; D. Van Den Hout; L. Gomes; B. Collins; J. Theloke; A. Baklanov; S. Pandis; J. Sciare; U. Kummer; T. Halenka; S. Galmarini; I. Coll; N. Moussiopoulos; M. Beekmann; M. Lawrence; J. Kukkonen; A. Mahura; S. Finardi; P. Laj; U. Baltensperger; R. Sokhi; M. Kulmala; T. Wagner; H. D. Van Der Gon; A. Wiedensholer; T. Butler; R. Friedrich; P. Builtjes; A. Borbon; I. Esau; A. Stohl; W. B. Rossow; L. Jalkinen; V. Gros; J.-l. Jaffrezo; H. Schluenzen; S. Zilitinkevich; S. Grimmond

Description: Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI), Lyngbyvej 100, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark. The EU FP7 Project MEGAPOLI: Megacities: Emissions, urban, regional and Global Atmospheric POLlution and climate effects, and Integrated tools for assessment and mitigation (http://megapoli.info) brings together leading European research groups, state-of-the-art scientific tools and key players from non-European countries to inv...

Allen, L., Beevers, S., Lindberg, F., Iamarino, M., Kitiwiroon, N., and Grimmond, C. S. B.: Global to City Scale Urban Anthropogenic Heat Flux: Model and Variability, Deliverable 1.4, MEGAPOLI Scientific Report 10-01, MEGAPOLI-04-REP-2010-03, ISBN 978-87-992924-4-8, 87 pp., 2010.; Baklanov, A. (Ed.): Framework for Integrating Tools, Deliverable D7.1, MEGAPOLI Scientific Report 10-11, MEGAPOLI-14-REP-2010-03, ISBN 978-87-993898-4-1, 68 pp., 2010.; Baklanov, A. and Mahura,...

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Torrential Rainfall in Northeast of the Iberian Peninsula: Synopti...

By: J. A. Lopez-bustins; M. J. Cordobilla; J. M. Raso; A. Sanchez-lorenzo; A. Garcia-manuel; J. Martin-vide

Description: Group of Climatology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. This study presents a catalogue of synoptic patterns of torrential rainfall in northeast of the Iberian Peninsula (IP). These circulation patterns were obtained by applying a T-mode Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to a daily data grid (NCEP/NCAR reanalysis) at sea level pressure (SLP). The analysis made use of 304 days which recorded >100 mm in one or more stations in provinces of Barce...

Azorín-Molina, C. and López-Bustins, J. A.: Catálogo sinóptico manual y causas atmosféricas de la precipitación en la provincia de Alicante, Boletín de la AGE, 38, 279–310, 2004.; De Luis, M., González-Hidalgo, J. C., and Raventós, J.: Effects of fire and torrential rainfall on erosion in a Mediterranean gorse community, Land Degrad. Dev., 14, 203–213, 2003.; Esteban, P., Martin-Vide, J., and Mases, M.: Daily atmospheric circulation catalogue for western Europe using mul...

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Locomotion and Postural Behaviour : Volume 5, Issue 1 (30/05/2011)

By: M. Schmidt

Description: Institut für Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Erbertstr. 1, 07743 Jena, Germany. The purpose of this article is to provide a survey of the diversity of primate locomotor behaviour for people who are involved in research using laboratory primates. The main locomotor modes displayed by primates are introduced with reference to some general morphological adaptations. The relationships between locomotor behaviou...

Arms A, Voges D, Fischer MS, Preuschoft H (2002) Arboreal locomotion in small New-World monkeys. Z Morph Anthropol 83:243–263; Arnason U, Gullberg A, Janke A (1998) Molecular timing of primate divergences as estimated by two nonprimate calibration points. J Mol Evol 47:718–727; Ashton EH, Oxnard CE (1964) Locomotor patterns in primates. Proc Zool Soc Lond 142:1–28; Baker KC, Weed JL, Crockett CM, Bloomsmith MA (2006) Survey of environmental enhancement programs for labor...

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Qualitative Analysis of Precipiation Distribution in Poland with U...

By: I. Dyras; D. Serafin-rek; B. Łapeta; J. Walawender; A. Twardowski

Description: Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, Satellite Remote Sensing Centre, ul. P. Borowego 14, 30-215 Kraków, Poland. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) can be used to integrate data from different sources and in different formats to perform innovative spatial and temporal analysis. GIS can be also applied for climatic research to manage, investigate and display all kinds of weather data.

The main objective of this study is to demons...

Atmospheric Data Modeling Group: Cataloguing data by usability in GIS, Atmospheric Front, ESRI, http://www.weather.gov/regsci/gis/presentations/ESRI_Fall06.pdf, last access: 22 October 2007.; GRIB API online manual: http://www.ecmwf.int/products/data/software/grib_api.html, last access: 11 July 2007.; Stone, D. and Harison, D.: Nimrod System Documentation Paper no.2 – NIMROD Format for Image and Model field files, 2004.; H-SAF Algorithm Theoretical Definition Document: B...

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Diurnal Course Analysis of the Wrf-simulated and Observation-based...

By: F. Ács; P. Németh; Á. Horváth; H. Breuer; K. Rajkai

Description: Eötvös Loránd University, Department of Meteorology, 1117, Pázmány P. s. 1/a, Budapest, Hungary. Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) single-column model simulations were performed in the late summer of 2012 in order to analyse the diurnal changes of the planetary boundary layer (PBL). Five PBL schemes were tested with the WRF. From the radiometer and wind-profiler measurements at one station, derived PBL heights were also compared to the simulations. T...

André, J. C. and Mahrt, L.: The nocturnal surface inversion and influence of clear-air radiative cooling, J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 864–878, 1982.; Angevine, W. M., White, A. B., and Avery, S. K.: Boundary layer depth and entrainment zone characterization with a boundary-layer profiler, Bound.-Layer Meteorol., 68, 375–385, 1994.; Bougeault, P. and Lacarrère, P.: Parameterization of orography-induced turbulence in a mesobeta-scale model, Mon. Weather Rev., 117, 1872–1890, 1989....

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