World Library  


 
  • Cover Image

Somewhere Over the Rainbow – Advantages and Pitfalls of Colourful ...

By: F. Kreienkamp; A. Spekat

Description: Climate & Environment Consulting Potsdam GmbH, Potsdam, Germany. Computer-generated visualizations of geoscientific data, such as those from climate models are in high demand for a wide variety of usages; these include, among others, scientific publications, reports and graphical aides for the general public's improved understanding of complex developments. The paper will focus on the effects of colours in two-dimensional displays. Practical examples ar...

Wong, W.: Principles of Colour Design, Wiley Press, 1997.; Brewer, C.: Design Better Maps: A Guide for GIS Users, ESRI Press. ISBN 1589480899, 2005.; Brewer, C.: Color Use Guidelines for Data Representation. Proceedings of the Section on Statistical Graphics, American Statistical Association, Alexandria, VA, 55–60, 1999.; Brewer, C., Hatchard, G. W., and Harrower, M. A.: ColorBrewer in Print: A Catalog of Color Schemes for Maps, Cartography and Geographic Information Sci...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Solar Radiation Exposure of Shielded Air Temperature Sensors and M...

By: S. Orlandini; L. Massetti; M. Petralli

Description: Interdepartmental Centre of Bioclimatology, University of Florence, Italy. Particularly in summer, thermal conditions in urban areas are influenced by solar radiation and human health can be strongly affected by the higher temperature regime increased by the Urban Heat Island effect (UHI). Many studies have been carried out to estimate the temperature distribution in urban areas and some of these use or are based on data collected by meteorological inst...

Conti, S., Meli, P., Minelli, P., Solimini, R., Toccaceli, V., Vichi, M., Beltrano, C., and Perini, L.: Epidemiologic study of mortality during the Summer 2003 heat wave in Italy, Env. Res., 98, 390–399, 2005.; Ballaster, F., Corella, D., Pérez-Hoyos, S., Sáez, M., and Hervás, A.: Mortality as a function of temperature. A study in Valencia, spain, 1991–1993, Int. J. Epidemiol., 26(3), 551–561, 1997.; Beuchley, R. W., Van Bruggen, J., and Truppi, L. E.: Heath Island equal...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Operational Generation of Avhrr-based Cloud Products for Europe an...

By: R. Hollmann; M. Lockhoff; P. Fuchs; K.-g. Karlsson; N. Selbach; A. Dybbroe; J. Schulz; F. Kaspar; D. Stein

Description: Satellite Application Facility on Climate Monitoring, Deutscher Wetterdienst, Offenbach, Germany. The Satelite Application Facility on Climate Monitoring has implemented a new processing environment for AVHRR-based climate monitoring products. AVHRR measurements from NOAA-17, NOAA-18 and MetOp-A are utilized to generate daily and monthly means of several cloud parameters for Europe and the Inner Arctic: Cloud fraction, cloud types, cloud phase, clo...

CM-SAF: Annual Validation Report 2009, Satellite Application Facility on Climate Monitoring, available at: www.cmsaf.eu, 2009a.; CM-SAF: Validation of CM-SAF cloud products derived from AVHRR data in the Arctic region, Satellite Application Facility on Climate Monitoring, available at: www.cmsaf.eu, 2009b.; Dybbroe, A., Karlsson, K.-G., and Thoss, A.: NWCSAF AVHRR Cloud Detection and Analysis Using Dynamic Thresholds and Radiative Transfer Modeling. Part I: Algorithm Des...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Non-invasive Monitoring of Endocrine Status in Laboratory Primates...

By: M. Heistermann

Description: Reproductive Biology Unit, German Primate Center, Kellnerweg 4, 37077 Goettingen, Germany. During the past three decades, non-invasive methods for assessing physiological, in particular endocrine, status have revolutionized almost all areas of primatology, including behavioural ecology, reproductive biology, stress research, conservation and last but not least management of primates in captivity where the technology plays an integral role in assisting t...

Ostner J, Kappeler PM, Heistermann M (2008) Androgen and glucocorticoid levels reflect seasonally occurring social challenges in male redfronted lemurs (\textitEulemur fulvus rufus). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 62:627–638; Palme R (2005) Measuring fecal steroids: guidelines for practical application. Ann NY Acad Sci 1046:75–80; Pearson BL, Judge PG, Reeder DM (2008) Effectiveness of saliva collection and enzyme-immunoassay for the quantification of cortisol in socially housed b...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Development of Responses Based on Ipcc and What-if? Iwrm Scenarios...

By: S. Kienberger; V. Giannini; A. A. Allan; W.-a. Flügel; L. Ceccato; C. Hutton; C. Giupponi

Description: Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Italy. This work illustrates the findings of a participatory research process aimed at identifying responses for sustainable water management in a climate change perspective, in two river basins in Europe and Asia. The chapter describes the methodology implemented through local participatory workshops, aimed at eliciting and evaluating possible responses to flood risk, which were then assessed with respect to the existi...

Belton, V. and Stewart, T. J.: Multiple criteria decision analysis, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 2002.; Ceccato, L., Giannini, V., and Giupponi, C.: A participatory approach to assess the effectiveness of responses to cope with flood risk, FEEM Working Paper, 28, 2010.; de Borda, J.-C.: Mathematical derivation of an election system, Isis, 44, 42–51, 1781 (English translation by A de Grazia, 1953).; de la Vega-Leinert, A., Schröter, D., Leemans, R., Fritsch, U., an...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Adaptation of Vulnerable Regional Agricultural Systems in Europe t...

By: J. Olejnik; J. Lesny; B. Lalic; N. Nemeshko; G. Kubu; G. Cojocaru; C. Simota; S. Altaher; D. T. Mihailovic; A. Utset; M. Nikolaev; D. Ventrella; D. P. Anastasiou; M. Trnka; V. Alexandrov; D. Semeradova; J. Eitzinger; M. Medany; Z. Zalud

Description: Institute of Meteorology, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna, Austria. During 2007-2009 the ADAGIO project (http://www.adagio-eu.org) is carried out to evaluate regional adaptation options in agriculture in most vulnerable European regions (mediterranean, central and eastern European regions). In this context a bottom-up approach is used beside the top-down approach o...

European Environment Agency (EEA): Climate change: the cost of inaction and the cost of adaptation, EEA Technical report No 13/2007, EEA, Copenhague, 72~pp., 2007.; Intergovernmental panel on Climate Change (IPCC): Climate Change 2007 – The Physical Science Basis Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC, 2007a.; Intergovernmental panel on Climate Change (IPCC): Climate Change 2007 – Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability Contribution of ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Vince – a Case Study : Volume 2, Issue 1 (08/01/2009)

By: A. Carvalho; N. Moreira; M. Belo Pereira; P. Pinto; I. Soares; M. Vargas

Description: Instituto de Meteorologia, I. P., Lisboa, Portugal. Vince was an unusual hurricane that developed over the North Atlantic Ocean in an unexpected area, on October 2005. In this work, the authors analyze its background and genesis over the ocean, making use of satellite imagery and numerical models. The impacts on sea state are investigated both numerically and observationally. Landfall over the Iberian Peninsula is monitored with surface observations and...

Atlas, D: Radar in Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, 1990.; Barnes, G. M., Jorgensen, D. P., Marks Jr., F. D., and Zipser, E. J.: Mesoscale and convective structure of a hurricane rainband, J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2125–2137, 1983.; Bosart, L. F. and Bartlo, J. A.: Tropical Storm Formation in a Baroclinic Environment, Mon. Weather Rev., 119, 1979–2013, 1991.; Bubnová, R., Horànyi, A., and Malardel, S.: International Project ARPEGE/ALADIN, EWGLAM Newsletter, Instit...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Study of the Mlb Parameterisation for Change in Surface Solar Irra...

By: Z. Qu; A. Oumbe; L. Wald; M. Lefèvre; P. Blanc

Description: Centre for Energy and Processes, MINES ParisTech, BP207, 06904, Sophia Antipolis, France. The MLB parameterisation (Modified Lambert-Beer, Mueller et al., 2004) describes the change in SSI with sun zenith angle (SZA) in clear-sky conditions. It applies to the direct and global SSI as well as their spectral distribution. We assess its performances by comparing its results to the outputs of the radiative transfer model libRadtran and standard interpolatio...

Kato, S., Ackerman, T., Mather, J., and Clothiaux, E.: The k-distribution method and correlated-k approximation for shortwave radiative transfer model, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra., 62, 109–121, 1999.; Liou, K. N.: An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation, Academic Press, p. 182, 1980.; Mayer, B., Kylling, A., Emde, C., Buras, R., and Hamann, U.: libRadtran: library for radiative transfer calculations, Edition 1.0 for libRadtran version 1.5-beta,

Read More
  • Cover Image

Issues Faced in Digitally Re-purposing Printed Archival Material :...

By: T. M. Dart

Description: The Seeing Ear (Registered Charity 1111371), St. Leonards-on-Sea, UK. The Seeing Ear On-Line Library (http://www.seeingear.org) is the first general on-line library in the UK and has been providing books in an electronic format to EU users for more than 5 yr. While this provision has been within the context of print-disability, the challenges that the Library has faced and is facing are common to everyone...

Read More
  • Cover Image

A Study of the 1 and 2 January 2010 Sea-storm in the Ligurian Sea ...

By: L. F. Onorato; S. Gallino; A. Orlandi; F. Pasi

Description: CNR-IBIMET, Firenze, Italy. During the last days of 2009 and the first days of 2010, a wide and deep low pressure system over Western Europe generated a very extended and strong southerly pressure gradient on the whole Western Mediterranean Sea with a resulting very rough to high sea state. Over the Ligurian Sea (North Western Mediterranean) the resulting sea state was a combination of a very tuned (in both frequency and direction) swell coming from the...

Janjic, Z. I.: A Nonhydrostatic Model Based on a New Approach, Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 82, 271–285, 2003.; Booij, N., Ris, R. C., and Holthuijsen, L. H.: A third-generation wave model for coastal regions. Model description and validation, J. Geophys. Res., 104(C4), 7649–7666, 1999.; Bradbury, A. P., Mason, T. E., and Poate, T.: Implications of the spectral shape of wave conditions for engineering design and coastal hazard assessment – evidence from the english channel, 1...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Urban Warming in Villages : Volume 12, Issue 1 (13/07/2015)

By: J. Esper; C.S.B. Grimmond; J. Lindén

Description: Department of Geography, Johannes-Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany. Long term meteorological records (> 100 years) from stations associated with villages are generally classified as rural and assumed to have no urban influence. Using networks installed in two European villages, the local and microclimatic variations around two of these rural-village sites are examined. An annual average temperature difference ($\Delta{T}$) of 0.6 and 0.4 K was obser...

Aguilar, E., Auer, I., Brunet, M., Peterson, T. C., and Wieringa, J.: Guidelines on climate metadata and homogenization, WMO/TD No. 1186, WMO, World Climate Data and Monitoring Programme (WCDMP) series, available online: http://www.wmo.int/datastat/documents/WCDMP-53_1.pdf, 2003.; Andersén, M.: Allmän beskrivning av OBS2000-stationerna, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI), Norrköping, S...

Read More
  • Cover Image

First Outcomes from the Cnr-isac Monthly Forecasting System : Volu...

By: C. Rendina; P. Malguzzi; O. Drofa; A. Buzzi; D. Mastrangelo

Description: Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, Bologna, Italy. A monthly probabilistic forecasting system is experimentally operated at the ISAC institute of the National Council of Research of Italy. The forecasting system is based on GLOBO, an atmospheric general circulation model developed at the same institute. The model is presently run on a monthly basis to produce an ensemble of 32 forecasts initialized with GFS-NCEP per...

Chen, M., Wang, W., and Kumar, A.: Prediction of monthly-mean temperature: the roles of atmospheric and land initial conditions and sea surface temperature, J. Climate, 23, 717–725, 2010.; Dee, D. P., Uppala, S. M., Simmons, A. J., Berrisford, P., Poli, P., Kobayashi, S., Andrae, U., Balmaseda, M. A., Balsamo, G., Bauer, P., Bechtold, P., Beljaars, A. C. M., van de Berg, L., Bidlot, J., Bormann, N., Delsol, C., Dragani, R., Fuentes, M., Geer, A. J., Haimberger, L., Healy...

Read More
  • Cover Image

A Study of the Flood Events in Cyprus : Volume 2, Issue 1 (09/07/2008)

By: S. C. Michaelides; A. Orphanou; S. Adamou; K. A. Nicolaides; K. Savvidou; M. Charalambous

Description: Meteorological Service, Nicosia, Cyprus. Almost every year, localised and in some cases more widespread floodings affect parts of Cyprus, causing damages to properties destruction to infrastructure and housing and sometimes the loss of human life. Various factors such as the meteorological situation and type and intensity of precipitation, the geomorphology, the geology and the human intervention to geomorphology are responsible for flood events. In the...

Blanchet, G.: Le temps au Liban, Approche d' une Climatologie Synoptique, Thèse 3ème Cycle, Lyon. T.I., 447 (text et tab.) & T.II (Atlas), 1976.; El-Fandy, M. G.: Barometric Lows of Cyprus, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 72, 291–306, 1946.; Houssos, E. E. and Bartzokas, A.: Extreme precipitation events in NW Greece, Adv. Geosci., 7, 91–96, 2006.; Jacovides, C. J. and Yonetani, T.: An evaluation of instability indices for thunderstorm prediction in Greater Cyprus, Weather Forec...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Vulnerability to Climate Change: People, Place and Exposure to Haz...

By: A. Allan; F. Amoako Johnson; R. Allen; C. W. Hutton; V. Giannini; S. Kienberger

Description: GeoData Institute, University of Southampton, UK. The Human Dimension of the Twinning European and South Asian River Basins to Enhance Capacity and Implement Adaptive Management Approaches Project (EC-Project BRAHMATWINN) is aimed at developing socio-economic tools and context for the effective inclusion of the Human Dimension or socio-economic vulnerability into the overall assessment of climate risk in the twinned basins of the Upper Brahmaputra River...

Baatz, M. and Schäpe, A.: Multiresolution Segmentation: an optimization approach for high quality multi-scale image segmentation, in: Proceedings of the Angewandte Geographische Informationsverarbeitung XII, edited by: Strobl, J., Blaschke, T., Griesebner, G., et al., Beiträge zum AGIT Symposium Salzburg, 12–23, 2000.; Brooks, N., Adger, W. N., and Mick Kelly, P.: The determinants of vulnerability and adaptive capacity at the national level and the implications for adapt...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Assessment of Climate Vulnerability in the Norwegian Built Environ...

By: H. O. Hygen; C. F. Øyen; A. J. Almås

Description: Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Postboks 43 Blindern, 0313 Oslo, Norway. The main trends expected for the change of Norwegian climate for this century are increasing temperatures, precipitation and wind. This indicates a probable increase of climate-related risks to the Norwegian built environment. Through co-operation between the Norwegian Meteorological Institute and SINTEF Building and Infrastructure, building and climate information have been co...

Almås, A., Øyen, C. F., and Hygen, H. O.: An approach to impact assessments of buildings in a changing climate, Build. Res. Inf., 39, 227–238, 2011.; Lisø, K. R.: Building envelope performance assessments in harsh climates: Methods for geographically dependent design, Doctoral Theses, NTNU, 185 pp., 2006.; Engen-Skaugen, T., Haugen, J. E., and Tveito, O. E.: Temperature scenarios for Norway: from regional to local scale, Clim. Dynam., 29, 441–453,

Read More
  • Cover Image

Correlation Between Air-sea Heat Fluxes Over the Aegean Sea and th...

By: S. Ruiz; T. Chronis; G. Ferentinos; A. Bartzokas; N. Zarokanellos; V. P. Papadopoulos

Description: Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Anavissos, Greece. The relation between the air-sea heat fluxes in the Aegean Sea and the total precipitable water (TPW) over Europe and North Africa is investigated. An one-point linear correlation between the components of surface heat exchange and TPW is employed. During winter and for the shortwave radiation, a dipole of opposite correlation (see-saw teleconnection), is observed between the northeast Europe and t...

Bignami, F., Marullo, S., Santoleri, R., and Schiano M. E.: Longwave radiation budget in the Mediterranean Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 100(C2), 2501–2514, 1995.; Chronis, T., Papadopoulos, V., and Nikolopoulos, E.: QuickSCATob servations of extreme wind events over the Mediterranean and Black Seas during 2000–2008, Int. J. Climatol., doi:10.1002/joc.2213, 2010.; Flocas, H. A., Simmonds, I., Kouroutzoglou, J., Keay, K., Hatzaki, M...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Yearly Changes in Surface Solar Radiation in New Caledonia : Volum...

By: L. Wald; C. Coulaud; P. Blanc

Description: MINES ParisTech, PSL Research University, Centre Observation, Impacts, Energy, BP 204, 06905 Sophia Antipolis CEDEX, France. New Caledonia experiences a decrease in surface solar irradiation since 2004. It is of order of 4% of the mean yearly irradiation over the 10 years period: 2004–2013, and amounts to −9 W m−2. The preeminent roles of the changes in cloud cover and to a lesser extent, those in aerosol optical depth on the decrease in yearl...

Boilley, A. and Wald, L.: Comparison between meteorological re-analyses from ERA-Interim and MERRA and measurements of daily solar irradiation at surface, Renew. Energy, 75, 135–143, doi:10.1016/j.renene.2014.09.042, 2015.; Kaiser, J. W., Peuch, V.-H., Benedetti, A., Boucher, O., Engelen, R. J., Holzer-Popp, T., Morcrette, J.-J., Wooster, M. J., and the MACC-II Management Board: The pre-operational GMES Atmospher...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Viaduc Project: Innovation in Climate Adaptation Through Servi...

By: F. Besson; D. L'Hôte; P. Dandin; L. Corre

Description: Direction de la Climatologie, Météo-France, Toulouse, France. From the French National Adaptation to Climate Change Plan, the Drias, les futurs du climat service has been developed to provide easy access to French regional climate projections. This is a major step for the implementation of French Climate Services. The usefulness of this service for the end-users and decision makers involved with adaptation planning at a local scale is investigated.

Dandin, P., Besson, F., Blanchard, M., Céron, J.-P., Franchistéguy, L., Rousset-Regimbeau, F., Soubeyroux, J.-M., Baillon, M., Vidal, J.-P., Singla, S., Martin, E., and Habets, F.: Partnerships on water resource management in France, in: Climate exchange, 2nd Edn., World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 76–78, 2012.; Erlhoff, M. and Marshall, T. (Eds.): Design Dictionary – Perspectives on design terminology, Birkhaüser Verlag AG, Basel, Germany, 2008.; G...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Multivariate Testing of Spatio-temporal Consistence of Daily Preci...

By: A. Kapala; H. Mächel

Description: Deutscher Wetterdienst, Klima und Umwelt, Frankfurter Str. 135, 63067 Offenbach, Germany. The project KLIDADIGI of the German Meteorological Service (DWD) systematically rescues historical daily climate data of Germany by keying and imaging. Up to now, daily nearly gap-free precipitation time series at 118 locations for the period 1901–2000 are collected and extended by digitalization of hand-written protocols. To screen the spatio-temporal consistence ...

Bonell, M. and Sumner, G.: Autumn and winter daily precipitation areas in Wales, 1982–1983 to 1986–1987, Int. J. Climatol., 12, 77–102, doi:10.1002/joc.3370120108, 1992.; Brienen, S., Kapala, A., Mächel, H., and Simmer, C.: Regional centennial precipitation variability over Germany from extended observation records, Int. J. Climatol., doi:10.1002/joc.3581, in press, 2012.;...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Large-eddy Simulation of Turbulent Winds During the Fukushima Daii...

By: T. Takemi; H. Nakayama; H. Nagai

Description: Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Ibaraki, Japan. A significant amount of radioactive material was accidentally discharged into the atmosphere from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant from 12 March 2011, which produced high contaminated areas over a wide region in Japan. In conducting regional-scale atmospheric dispersion simulations, the computer-based nuclear emergency response system WSPEEDI-II developed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency was used. Becau...

Goldstein, D., Handler, R., and Sirovich, L.: Modeling a no-slip flow boundary with an external force field, J. Comput. Phys., 105, 354–366, 1993.; Hong, S.-Y. and Lim, J.-O. J.: The WRF single-moment 6-class microphysics scheme (WSM6), J. Kor. Meteorol. Soc., 42, 129–151, 2006.; Janjic, Z. I.: Nonsingular implementation of the Mellor-Yamada level 2.5 scheme in the NCEP Meso model, NCEP Office Note, 437, 61 pp., 2002.; Kataoka, H. and Mizuno, M.: Numerical flow computati...

Read More
 
1
|
2
|
3
Records: 21 - 40 of 45 - Pages: 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.