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Environmental Economics


Environmental Economics undertakes theoretical or empirical studies of the economic effects of national or local environmental policies around the world. Particular issues include the costs and benefits of alternative environmental policies to deal with air pollution, water quality, toxic substances, solid waste, and global warming.

 
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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2006 ; Issue 92415468...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The United Nations General Assembly (2000) adopted the Millennium Development Goals (MDGS) on 8 September 2000.

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South-East Asia Series : Seas, South-East Asia Region ; Series, No...

By: Uton Mnuchtar Rafei, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Fore word WHO priorities in the 1990s are to improve adpromote essential health technolog?. applicable at the primary health care level and the immediate supporting level of the health system to accelerate the process of Health for All by the Year 2000. Primary health care was conceived as a key approach to achieving health for all. Conceptually, it represented a radical departure from the conventional health care system. The strategies for achieving health for all are b...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 654, (Par...

By: R. Di Perri

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION Involvement of peripheral nerves in disease states-a major cause of disabling morbidity-is common in all parts of the world. The putative etiological factors (including genetic, nutritional, metabolic, and toxic factors) are diverse, numerous, and bewildering in the complexity of their modes of action and interaction as well as in the nature of the biochemical and structural lesions produced. Even in diseases of the peripheral nerves, such as leprosy (pri...

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Federal Resea...

By: Michael E. Davey

Summary: The Bush Administration has requested $132. billion in federal research and development (R&D) funding for FY2006. This sum, represents a $505 million increase over the FY2005 estimated funding level of $131.7 billion. In real dollars, total federal R&D would decline for the first time since FY1996. The proposed FY2006 R&D budget reflects the Administration’s objective of constraining the growth of federal discretionary spending.

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Defense : Fy ...

By: Stephen Daggett

Summary: On February 7, 2005, the Administration released its FY2006 federal budget request. The request includes $441.8 billion in new budget authority for national defense, of which $421. billion is for military activities of the Department of Defense (DOD), $17.5 billion for atomic energy defense activities of the Department of Energy, and $3. billion for defense-related activities of other agencies. The FY2006 request does not include funding for ongoing military ope...

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Using Analysis for Problem-Solving a Guidebook for Law Enforcement

By: Timothy S. Bynum

Acknowledgments: The perspectives, experiences, and input of many individuals played a significant role in the production of this guidebook. To a large degree, this guidebook is based on the experiences of departments involved in the cross-site assessment of the COPS funded Problem-Solving Partnerships Program (PSP). Departments that participated in the assessment were Huntsville, AL; Glendale, AZ; Scottsdale, AZ; Cathedral City, CA; San Diego, CA; Routt County, CO; Ston...

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Rave Parties

By: Michael S. Scott

Excerpt: About the Guide Series: The Problem-Oriented Guides for Police summarize knowledge about how police can reduce the harm caused by specific crime and disorder problems. They are guides to prevention and to improving the overall response to incidents, not to investigating offenses or handling specific incidents. The guides are written for police–of whatever rank or assignment–who must address the specific problem the guides cover. The guides will be most useful to...

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Background Document on Gulf War-Related Research for the Health Im...

By: William Richards

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: The purpose of this document is to provide background information to participants in the upcoming conference, The Health Impact of Chemical Exposures During the Gulf War: A Research Planning Conference, sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in coordination with the Office of Public Health and Science (Department of Health and Human Services), the National Institutes of Health, and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Regist...

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Sampling and Characterization of Bioaerosols

By: Paul A. Jensen

INTRODUCTION: A. General. Bioaerosol monitoring is a rapidly emerging area of industrial hygiene. Bioaerosol monitoring includes the measurement of viable (culturable and nonculturable) and nonviable microorganisms in both indoor (e.g., industrial, office or residential) and outdoor (e.g., agricultural and general air quality) environments. In general, indoor bioaerosol sampling need not be performed if visible growth is observed.

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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service...

By: Department of Health and Human Services

RESEARCH SUMMARY: Previous NIOSH research shows that miners develop hearing loss much more quickly than nonoccupationally noiseexposed individuals and that miners experience a greater severity of hearing loss than would be expected for nonoccupational noise-exposed persons of the same age and sex.

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Reaching Women for Mammography Screening

By: Department of Health and Human Services

Introduction: Background: Scientific evidence through clinical trials has shown that mammography screening reduces the mortality and morbidity associated with breast cancer. Many studies have demonstrated the benefits of regular screening in detecting early tumors in women of all ages.1,2 Some research suggests that screening programs that include mammography can produce up to a 31% reduction in breast cancer mortality.3,4 To achieve the national goal of reducing morbidi...

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Guidance for Benthic Habitat Mapping : An Aerial Photographic Approach

By: Mark Finkbeiner

Introduction: This document, Guidance for Benthic Habitat Mapping, An Aerial Photographic Approach, describes proven technology that can be applied in an operational manner by state-level scientists and resource managers. This information is based on the experience gained by NOAA Coastal Services Center staff and state-level cooperators in the production of a series of benthic habitat data sets in Delaware, Florida, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Rhode Island, the Virgi...

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Dangerous Times II Edition : Living in and surviving the dangerous...

By: Magen Ha Cherut, Ph.D.; Occulta Aspicientis, Ph.D., Co-Author

On preservation of the Western rights, freedoms and quality of life in 21st century and beyond

Systemic approach to life of the highly cultured people provides them with higher level of happiness simply because their lives are better organized, risks are covered, reserves are maintained, dangers avoided, contacts established and so on so forth. Culture is not something that comes only with DNA, but genetic pre-disposition towards culture exists without doubt. Otherwise there would be no examples of people raising themselves above the scum they were born in and...

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Object Class Analysis

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Object Class Analysis report presents the Federal Government’s obligations in terms of the object classification prescribed in the Office of Management and Budget Circular No. A-11. Circular No. A-11 provides for the uniform classification of financial transactions of the Federal Government. Object classes describe the nature of the service or article for which obligations are first incurred, regardless of the purpose or the program served. Object class data...

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Object Class Analysis

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: All years in the tables are fiscal years. - Because of rounding, the detailed amounts in the tables may not add to the totals. - Data for the off-budget Postal service fund and the two off-budget social security trust funds (Federal old-age and survivor

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Object Class Analysis Detail

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Object Classification Department of Agriculture _ Agricultural Research Service Identification code 1997 actual 1998 est. 1999 est. 005-18-12-1400-0-1-352 - Continued _ 11.3 Other than full-time permanent ... 1 1 1 _ _ _ 11.9 Total personnel compensation ... 5 5 5 12.1 Civilian personnel benefits ... 1 1 1 21.0 Travel and transportation of persons ... 1 1 1 23.3 Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges ... 1 1 1 25.2 Other services ... 12 16 16 25.4 ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1988 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION I These guidelines were proposed by a group of experts on leishmaniasis (see Annex 1) and are intended to assist health administrators and other health personnel involved in leishmaniasis control, in the design and implementation of national programmes.

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World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The aim of this review was to identify and describe those features of small island communities which are of relevance to the planning and provision of health care.

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World Health Organization : Year 2004 ; Assessment Document, A8374...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

PREFACE According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) Article 25(1), “everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food… ”. In emergency contexts, it is important to reaffirm the fundamental right of everyone to have access to adequate and safe food. The Humanitarian Charter and the Minimum Standards (1998)1 aim to quantify people’s requirements for water and sanitation, food...

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International Classification of Diseases : 2004 : Issue A83743: Fo...

By: Graeme A. Clugston

Medical Reference Publication

of Human Rights (UDHR) Article 25(1), “everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food… ”. In emergency contexts, it is important to reaffirm the fundamental right of everyone to have access to adequate and safe food. The Humanitarian Charter and the Minimum Standards (1998)1 aim to quantify people’s requirements for water and sanitation, food and nutrition, shelter and health care. Taken ...

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