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Social Sciences


The social sciences are the fields of academic scholarship that explore aspects of human society.[1] "Social science" is commonly used as an umbrella term to refer to a plurality of fields outside of the natural sciences. These include: anthropology, archaeology, economics, geography, history, law, linguistics, political science, sociology, international relations, communication, and, in some contexts, psychology.

 
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Outcome Evaluation of the South Carolina Residential Substance Abu...

By: J. Mitchell Miller

Legal Reference Publication

Executive Summary: The enormous growth in the prison population is largely a function of drug-crime recidivism and bolstered drug enforcement activities. The delivery of treatment services in a prison setting is a logical approach to the problem and features certain advantages over outpatient and voluntary forms of treatment, including certainty of program enrollment and participation, program modalities specific to residential settings as treatment options, and ensured ...

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Policing on American Indian Reservations

By: Stewart Wakeling

Legal Reference Publication

Acknowledgements: The authors wish to thank each of the tribes and tribal police departments that participated in this study for their generous help. Without the information they provided, the work would not have been possible. In particular, we wish to thank the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation, the Gila River Indian Community, the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, and the Tohono O?odham Nation for providing acc...

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Youth Environmental Service in Action

By: Shay Bilchik

Legal Reference Publication

Foreword: The juvenile justice system is being taxed. With institutions increasingly burdened by the growing number of serious, violent, and chronic offenders, we must provide alternatives for youth involved in delinquent activity? alternatives that incorporate appropriate sanctions while providing youth with necessary services, skills, and opportunities. The Youth Environmental Service (YES) initiative is one such alternative. Created through a partnership between the D...

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Harmony of the Law-Volume 1

By: John Calvin

Religion and Christian Theology Collection

Excerpt: Coming into the field as a Translator of Calvin so late as I do, and after the various able Preliminary Notices of my predecessors in the task, it would ill become me to offer any lengthened remarks, either generally on the personal character and theological system of our illustrious author, or more particularly on his merits as a Commentator upon Scripture. It may not, however, be deemed superfluous that I should refer my readers to the brief but interesting Me...

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Harmony of the Law-Volume 4

By: John Calvin

Religion and Christian Theology Collection

Excerpt: To this end it is said immediately afterwards that, If for one day, or more, or even for a month, or a year, the cloud stood still, the people was, as it were, tied to the spot. The old interpreter 5 has not badly rendered it, ?The children of Israel were upon the watch;? since day and night they anxiously expected the time when God would command them to move forward. The last verse of the chapter confirms this sense, where it is again added, that ?they kept the...

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World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; The Special Programme for ...

By: David B. Evans

Medical Reference Publication

ThcUhTDP/WORLD BANKIWHO Special Programme forRcscarch andTraining in Tropical Discases (TJJR) isaglobally coordinatedefforttobringlhcrcsourcesofrnodernscicnceto bearon ihccontrolof tnajor tropical diseases: malaria, schislosomiasis, filnriasis (includingonchocerciasis), the uypanosomiascs (both African sleeping sickness and the American form, Chagas' disease), the leishrnaniases and leprosy. The Programme has two interdependenlobjcctives: - Tod~velo~newmethoodf sp revcnt...

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World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION Bloody diarrhoea in young children is usually a sign of invasive enteric infection that carries a substantial risk of serious morbidity and death. This is especiafly true in the developing countries, where the problem occurs most frequently. Non-infectious causes account for a very small proportion of episodes of bloody diarrhoea. About 10% of diarrhoea1 episodes in children under 5 years of age have visible blood in the stool, and these account for about 15...

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World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; World Health Organization,...

By: A. V. Reeler

Medical Reference Publication

AIM AND OBJECTIVES Many studies have reported on the widespread use of bio-medical drugs in developing countries, often without qualified medical advice. The informal and private sector is frequently the main supplier of drugs and types and numbers of private providers are numerous. They include shop owners, injectionists, pararnedicals in private practice, drug stores, pharmacies and medical doctors. In most developing countries injections are particularly popular. This...

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World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Desptte its critical position in national health systems, the health centre has been somewhat neglected and sidelined as the implementation of primary health care continues to be dominated by the delivery of separate vertical programmes. The vertical programme approach, as well as overcentralization, precludes the optimum use of health centres and effective community participation.

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World Health Organization : Year 1996 ; World Health Organization,...

By: T. Turmen, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION A Technical Working Group on Antenatal Care was convened in Geneva, 31 October- 4 November 1994, by the World Health Organization. The original objectives of the Technical Working Group were: 1. To review current antenatal care practices and make recommendations for the identification of high-risk pregnancies and their management, taking into account the timing of the pregnancy, resources available, and skills of the health worker; 2. To draw up recommendati...

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World Health Organization : Year 1997 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Anthony Harries

Medical Reference Publication

FOREWORD Doctors and other health professionals working in most countries will be only too aware of the many patients they encounter with tuberculosis. This excellent book is designed for the busy clinician. It concentrates particularly on the clinical problems of diagnosis and management of tuberculosis, both in adults and children. It provides a most useful review to those new to the problems and a handy reference for the experienced clinician when faced with some part...

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World Health Organization : Year 1998 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

SUMMARY A workshop of experts on the Prevention of Hearing Impairment from Chronic Otitis Media was convened jointly by WHO and the ClBA Foundation in November 1996. Its task was to review the epidemiology, pathogenesis and management of COM and to draw up recommendations for prevention and management of chronic otitis media in the context of Primary Health Care, particularly with regard to preventing hearing loss in developing countries. Chronic otitis media is a major ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Acknowledgements The Department of Nutrition for Health and Development at the World Health Organization (WHO), wishes to thank the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) for the financial support that made the production of this document possible, and all those who generously gave their time to comment on an earlier draft version, especially Ken Bailey and Jim Akré from the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, WHO, and to Rita Bhatia, UNHCR, ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Tord Kjellstrom

Medical Reference Publication

Acknowledgements This text was developed under the auspices of the former Office of Global and Integrated Environmental Health of the World Health Organization (WHO). Financial and other assistance was provided by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Although not formally on the editorial committee, the following individuals made substantial contributions to the editorial process: Carlos CorvalAn Eugene Schwartz Colin Soskolne Jacqueline Sawyer of ...

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World Health Organization Publication : 9241590130: Improving Heal...

By: Jeffrey D. Sachs

Medical Reference Publication

The Commission on Macroeconomics and Health (CMH) was launched in January 2000 by Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of the World Health Organization. Its mission was to analyze the impact of health on development and to examine ways in which health-related investments could spur economic development. The Commission worked to develop specific recommendations that would save lives, reduce poverty, and spur economic growth through a scaling up of investments in the...

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Reregistration Eligibility Decision (Red) Colletotrichum Gloeospor...

By: Janet L. Andersen

Excerpt: I am pleased to announce that the Environmental Protection Agency has completed its reregistration eligibility review and decisions on the pesticide chemical case 4103, which includes the active ingredient Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f.sp. aeschynomene ATCC 20358. The enclosed Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) contains the Agency's evaluation of the data base of this chemical, its conclusions of the potential human health and environmental risks of th...

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Arsenic in Drinking Water Rule Economic Analysis

By: John B. Bennett

Excerpt: Tsai et al. (1999) identified “bronchitis, liver cirrhosis, nephropathy, intestinal cancer, rectal cancer, laryngeal cancer, and cerebrovascular disease” as possibly “related to chronic arsenic exposure via drinking water,” which had not been reported before. In addition, the study area had upper respiratory tract cancers previously only related to occupational inhalation. High male mortality rate (SMR > 3) existed for bladder, kidney, skin, lung, and nasal cavi...

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United States Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Series

By: Michael B. Cook

Excerpt: I am pleased to provide you with the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) guidance document on the monitoring and modeling of combined sewer overflows (CSO) and their impacts on receiving waters. This is the seventh in a series of guidance manuals that EPA prepared to support implementation of the 1994 Combined Sewer Overflow Control Policy. This manual presents a set of guidelines that provide flexibility for a municipality to develop a site-specific strateg...

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Maryland's Geospatial Data Implementation Team Plan

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are used by most public and private sector organizations to improve planning efforts and more efficiently manage daily operations. They are vital tools which offer numerous tangible and intangible benefits and they contribute significantly to our State’s economy. Digital geographic data (geospatial data) are the “fuel” used to run these management support systems. Data development is costly and requires significant time and c...

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Legionella : Human Health Criteria Document

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: This document was prepared for the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water (OGWDW) by the Office of Science and Technology (OST) under contract with ICF Consulting Group (Contract No. 68-C6-0029). Overall planning and management for the preparation of this document was provided by Latisha S. Parker, MS of OST. EPA acknowledges the valuable contributions of those who reviewed this document. They include Li...

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