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Unlocking Our Future : Toward a New National Science Policy

By Government Printing Office

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Book Id: WPLBN0000025235
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.0 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
Full Text

Title: Unlocking Our Future : Toward a New National Science Policy  
Author: Government Printing Office
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Economic & political studies
Collections: Government Library Collection, Government Printing Office
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

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Office, G. P. (n.d.). Unlocking Our Future : Toward a New National Science Policy. Retrieved from http://members.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Government Reference Publication

Excerpt
Excerpt: One strategy is to provide federal government assistance for commercialization of particular technologies. This idea is based on the belief that the government can correct the effects of market failures. This approach has been tried, usually unsuccessfully, in other countries. Ultimately, the market is the best selector of new technologies.

Table of Contents
Letter of Transmittal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v Report Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 I. Background and Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 A.The Speaker’s Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 B. Committee Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 C. A Vision for the Future . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 D. Science in Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 E.Toward an Updated National Science Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 II. Ensuring the Flow of New Ideas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 A.The Importance of Understanding-driven Research . . . . . . . . . . . .14 1. The basic research investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 2. Making choices in the face of limited federal resources . . . . .17 3. The role of the individual investigator in the research enterprise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 4. Stimulating innovation in basic research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 5. Maintaining diversity in the basic research portfolio . . . . . . .21 B. Science for Society . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 1. Research with a mission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 2. Maximizing efficiency, accountability and success in the federal research enterprise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 2a. Maximizing efficiency within the national labs . . . . . . . . .26 2b. Maximizing accountability through the Government Performance and Results Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 2c. Maximizing success through research partnerships . . . . .29 (1) Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 (2) University/industry partnerships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 (3) International collaborations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 C. New Roles and Responsibilities for American Science . . . . . . . . . .35 III. The Private Sector’s Role in the Scientific Enterprise . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 A. Stimulating Research in Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 1. Capitalization of small companies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 2. The Research and Experimentation Tax Credit . . . . . . . . . . . .40 3. Partnerships for technology development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 3a. Informal partnerships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 3b. State-based partnerships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 3c. Distribution of funding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43

 

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