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Afghanistan National Reconstruction and Poverty Reduction the Role of Women in Afghanistan's Future

By The World Bank

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Book Id: WPLBN0000053059
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 5.6 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Afghanistan National Reconstruction and Poverty Reduction the Role of Women in Afghanistan's Future  
Author: The World Bank
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Economics, Finance & business, World Bank.
Collections: Economics Publications Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: The World Bank

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Bank, T. W. (n.d.). Afghanistan National Reconstruction and Poverty Reduction the Role of Women in Afghanistan's Future. Retrieved from http://members.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Economics

Excerpt
Health. Afghanistan's health indicators are among the worst in the world, particularly in the areas of child health and women's reproductive health. When reconstruction started in 2002, the following indicators were reported: an under-five mortality rate of 257, infant mortality rate of 165, and estimated maternal mortality rate of 16 (per 1,000 live births); rate of chronic malnutrition (moderate or severe stunting) around 50%; and very high rates of disability due to polio, cerebral palsy, and conflict (including landmines). Among children, diarrhea, acute respiratory infections, and vaccine preventable illnesses account for 60% of deaths. Among adults tuberculosis results in an estimated 15,000 deaths per year with 70% of detected cases being among women. Recent surveys have revealed that almost half of all deaths among women of reproductive age are a result of pregnancy and childbirth - and that more than ? of these deaths are preventable. Life expectancy is estimated at 44.5 years. A range of factors contributed to this situation, such as the lack of access to basic health facilities - only 40% of the population is in the coverage areas of basic health facilities, and only 9% of rural households surveyed in 2003 reported a health facility in their village;1 lack of female staff at the existing facilities particularly in rural areas; marked rural-urban disparities in availability of health facilities; and lack of infrastructure (roads and transport) and security that reduce mobility and access. Furthermore, the overall lack of clean drinking water and sanitation facilities contributes to a very high level of water-borne diseases. The alarming health conditions of Afghan women do not reflect deliberate gender discrimination in households, but rather the result of poverty and the general lack of health facilities, which together with a number of social factors affect women particularly hard.

 

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