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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 423: Cell-Mediated Immune Responses

By B. Benacerraf

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Book Id: WPLBN0000123242
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 2.6 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 423: Cell-Mediated Immune Responses  
Author: B. Benacerraf
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Benacerraf, B. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 423. Retrieved from http://members.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
The WHO Scientific Group on Cell-Mediated Immune Responses, which met in Geneva from 8 to 14 October 1968, Tras opened on behalf of the Director-General by Dr. A. M.-~I.PAYsE: Assistant Director- General. Dr. PAYNEno ted that in recent years an increasing number of diseases have been recognized in which it is not possible to correlate the presence or level of humoral antibodies with the clinical picture or degree of resistance. WHO had accordingly convened the meeting in order that the Group evaluate the role played by cells in the causation of and in immunity to those diseases

Table of Contents
Contents 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 . Source of Competent Cells in Cell-Mediated Immune Responses . . . . . . . 2.1 Thymus and Bone Marrow Relationships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 'Peripheral Sensitization' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 Dissemination of Cells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4 Blast Transformation of Lymphocytes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . Delayed-Type Hypersensitivity Reactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Tuberculin Reaction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Types of Antigen-Producing Delayed Hypersensiti-ciity Reactions . . : . . 3.3 Changes Occurring in Lymphoid Tissue during the Development of Sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4 Systemic Manifestations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5 Immunological Specificity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6 Passive Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7 Inhibition of Macrophage Migration as a Correlate irt tiitro of Delayed-Type Hypersensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.8 Application of Cell Migration Techniques to Clinical Problems . . . . . . 4 . Toxic Effect of Lymphocytes on Target Cells in vitro . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 Definition of in oitro Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2 Assay Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Different Model Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4 Mechanisms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 General Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 . Antibodies and Cell-Mediated Immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1 The Receptor in Cell-Mediated Immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2 The Role of Passively Administered Antibody in Increasing and Decreasing Cell-Mediated Immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3 Simulation of Cell-Mediated Immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4 The Role of Complement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 . Relevance of Cell-Mediated Immunity to Pathogenesis . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1 Rejection of Allografts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2 Destruction of Neoplastic Cells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3 Graft-versus-Host Reaction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.4 Role of Cell-Mediated Immunity in Autoimmune Processes . . . . . . . 44 6.5 Role of Cell-Mediated Immune Responses in Infectious Diseases . . . . . 45 7 . The h.lodiication and Control of Cell-Mediated Immune Responses . . . . . 49 7.1 Antigen-Induced Depression of Cell-Mediated Immunity (Tolerance) . . . 50 7.2 Antigen Competition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 7.3 Adjux-ant-Mediated Depression of Delayed Hypersensitivity . . . . . . . 52 7.4 Physical and Chemical Immunosuppressive Agents . . . . . . . . . . . 52 7.5 Suppression of Cell-Mediated Immunity in Certain Disease States . . . . . 54 8 . Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Select Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

 

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