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World Health Organization : Year 1987 ; Maternal and Child Health, No. 87.8: Birth Weight Surrogates the Relationship Beween Birth Weight, Arm and Chest Circumference

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000185554
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.0 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Year 1987 ; Maternal and Child Health, No. 87.8: Birth Weight Surrogates the Relationship Beween Birth Weight, Arm and Chest Circumference  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Year 1987 ; Maternal and Child Health, No. 87.8. Retrieved from http://members.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
A significant proportion of infant deaths in developing countries result from exogenous cause3 and it is well known that the most susceptible babies are thoae with a low birth weight. In addition, low birth weight babies who do survive may suffer physlcal and mental growth impairment. Therefore, it is essential to identify low birth weight babies as early as possible so that appropriate measures can be taken to minimize the risk co the baby. At birth, it is therefore important to weigh the baby accurately. Unfortunately, chis is often not possible in the developing world eIcher because of a lack of scales or because the available scales are not sufficiently robuet to withstand constant use in the field.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Page 1. INTRODUCTION..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2. METHODS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3. RESULTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3.1 Dataquality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3.2 The relationship between birth weight and arm and chest circumference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3.3 The ptedlcrion o f low birth weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 4. DISCUSSION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 TABLES 1. Summary Statistics for Birth Weight, Arm and Chest Circumference . . . . . . 3 2. Incidence of Digital Preference : WAOLE Study . . . . . . . . . 4 3. Correlations Between Birth Weight, Arm Circumference and Chest Circumference . . . . . . . . - . . . . . . . . . . . 5 4 . Regressions o f Birth Weight on Arm and Chest Clrcumference forallDataCombined . . - . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 5. Regressions of Birth Weight on Chest Circumference . . . . . . . . . . 6 6. Regresslons of Birth Weight on Arm Circumference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7. Percent of Babies Weighing Less Than 2500 grams by Centre . . . 8 8. Test Sensitivities and Positlve Predictive Values using Different Cut-off Values for a Birth Weight Below 2500 grams by Chest Circumference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 9. Test Sensitivities and Positive Predictive Values using Different Cut-off Values for a Birth Weight Below 2500 grams by Arm Circumference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 lo. Logistic Regression of Birth Weight on Chest Circumference . . . . . . . . . 10 11. Logistic Regression of Birth Weight on Arm Circumference . . . . . . . . . . 11 12. Estimated Probability of Birth Weight Below 2500 grams for a Range of Arm and Chest Circumference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ANNEXES A Centres Included in the Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 B Study Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

 

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