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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2006 ; Issue 9241594365 - in English: Preventing Child Maltreatment ; A Guide to Taking Action and Generating Evidence

By Alexander Butchart

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Book Id: WPLBN0000201381
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.9 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 2006 ; Issue 9241594365 - in English: Preventing Child Maltreatment ; A Guide to Taking Action and Generating Evidence  
Author: Alexander Butchart
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization


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Butchart, A. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 2006 ; Issue 9241594365 - in English. Retrieved from

Medical Reference Publication

This document was written by Alexander Butchart and Alison Phinney Harvey of the WHO Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention; Marcellina Mian, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada, and Tilman Fürniss, University Hospital Muenster, Germany. Tony Kahane was responsible for the technical editing. Claire Scheurer and Ian Scott of the WHO Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention and Pearl Rimer and Susan Hunter of the Toronto Child Abuse Center also provided valuable inputs to the writing, reviewing and production. John Kydd has provided ongoing support in the development of the document.

Table of Contents
Contents Acknowledgements v Foreword vi Preface vii Introduction 1 Why is this guide needed? 1 For whom is this guide intended? 2 Overview of the guide 3 A systematic, multisectoral approach 3 Summary of contents 5 Chapter 1. The nature and consequences of child maltreatment 7 1.1 What is child maltreatment? 7 Typology of violence 7 Conceptual defi nitions of child maltreatment 9 1.2 The scale of the problem 10 1.3 The consequences of child maltreatment 11 1.4 The costs of child maltreatment 11 1.5 Susceptibility and risk factors 13 Individual factors 14 Relationship factors 15 Community factors 15 Societal factors 16 Protective factors 16 Chapter 2. Epidemiological and case-based information 17 2.1 Operational defi nitions of child maltreatment 19 2.2 Population-based epidemiological surveys 19 Parent–Child Confl ict Tactics Scale 21 The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study 21 The Lifetime Victimization Screening Questionnaire 23 ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tools (ICAST) 24 Adapting survey methods to local conditions 24 Sampling strategies 25 Ethical considerations 26 2.3 Case information 26 Surveillance of reported cases 28 Feedback to agencies that provide information 29 Using information to convince policy-makers 30 Chapter 3. The prevention of child maltreatment 32 3.1 An agenda and agency to prevent child maltreatment 33 3.2 Prevention strategies for child maltreatment 34 Societal and community strategies 35 Relationship strategies 38 Individual strategies 40 3.3 Outcome evaluations of child maltreatment prevention programmes 41 Deciding on the prevention objectives 41 Developing a logic model 42 Selecting outcomes and sources for outcome data 43 Designing the delivery and evaluation of the intervention 46 Analysing the evaluation and disseminating the results 49 Chapter 4. Services for affected children and families 50 4.1 Improving the evidence base 50 4.2 The response to child maltreatment: the key components 51 Detecting child maltreatment 51 Protecting the child 58 Chapter 5. Conclusions and recommendations 65 Appendix 1. Adverse Childhood Experiences Study Questionnaires 69 Appendix 2. Examples of validated measurement tools for outcome evaluation 89


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