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Broad-Scale Non-Indigenous Species Monitoring Along the West Coast in National Marine Sanctuaries and National Estuarine Research Reserves

By Derivera, Catherine E.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000697615
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 4.73 MB.
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Broad-Scale Non-Indigenous Species Monitoring Along the West Coast in National Marine Sanctuaries and National Estuarine Research Reserves  
Author: Derivera, Catherine E.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Science., Ecology & environment, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.)
Collections: National Oceanographic Data Center
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Reference Publication

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Derivera, C. E. (n.d.). Broad-Scale Non-Indigenous Species Monitoring Along the West Coast in National Marine Sanctuaries and National Estuarine Research Reserves. Retrieved from http://members.worldlibrary.net/


Excerpt
Summary: Nonindigenous species have caused substantial environmental and economic damage to coastal areas. Moreover, the extent and impacts of nonindigenous species are increasing over time. To develop predictive models and to identify which areas should be targeted for impact mitigation or early detection, we need a basic foundation of knowledge about the spatial and temporal patterns of invasions. This project was developed because we lacked the necessary data to rigorously evaluate the patterns of coastal invasions. This collaborative project, between the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, the National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS) and the National Marine Sanctuary Program (NMSP), established a rigorous, largescale monitoring and research program for invasive species in nine protected coastal areas along the US West Coast from San Diego, CA, to Kachemak Bay, AK. Our research included two components, broad-scale and site-specific projects.

Table of Contents
Table of Contents Summary 4 Introduction: The need for uniform sampling of coastal NIS 5 Broad-Scale Monitoring for Sessile Invertebrates and Nearshore Crabs and Fish 6 Goals, Broad-Scale Project 6 Methods, Broad-Scale Project 7 Reserves & Sanctuaries 7 Settling Plate Methods 8 Site selection 8 Plate deployment 9 Retrieval, point counts, and vouchers 10 Data analysis 10 Crab Trapping 12 Results, Broad-Scale Project 13 Settling Plates 13 Species Diversity and Composition in West Coast Reserves and Sanctuaries 13 NIS diversity and abundance 15 NIS ranges and range extensions 16 NIS across protected areas and latitudes 17 Diversity between habitats 19 NIS differences between habitats 21 Trapping 22 Discussion, Broad-Scale Project 23 Site-Specific Projects 25 List of Site-Specific Projects (alphabetical, by protected area) 25 Site-Specific Project Reports 26 Elkhorn Slough NERR, Kerstin Wasson 26 Kachemak Bay NERR, Scott Pegau 27 Monterey Bay NMS, Steve Lonhart 28 Olympic Coast NMS, Mary Sue Brancato 29 Padilla Bay NERR, Doug Bulthuis 35 South Slough NERR, Steve Rumrill 45 Tijuana River NERR, Jeff Crooks 48 Overall Conclusions 51 Acknowledgements 52 Appendix List 52 Literature Cited 53 Tables Table 1. Sites in west coast Reserves and Sanctuaries and how we sampled them. 57 Table 2. Species found on plates in each Reserve or Sanctuary. 59 Table 3. The origin and arrival of the NIS found in our survey. 65 Table 4. Species overlap and beta diversity between marinas and other sites. 67 Table 5. Average number individuals per trap per species at each Reserve. 68 Table OC-1. Site location characteristics and survey schedule. 69 Table OC-2. Invasive invertebrate and algae species found to date in OCNMS rapid assessment surveys 2001- 2002 70 Table OC-3. Cryptogenic species found to date in OCNMS rapid assessment surveys 2001-2002. 71 Table OC-4. Native invertebrate species with range expansions in OCNMS 2001-2002. 72 Table PB-1. Area of macrophytes (hectares) in northeast study area of Padilla Bay based on photointerpretation of true color aerial photographs and ground truth investigations. 43 Table SS-1. Description of NIS assessment deployment sites and types within the South Slough and Coos estuary, Oregon 47

 

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