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Plos Genetics : Gamma-tubulin is Required for Bipolar Spindle Assembly and for Proper Kinetochore Microtubule Attachments During Prometaphase I in Drosophila Oocytes, Volume 7

By Copenhaver, Gregory P.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003931581
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos Genetics : Gamma-tubulin is Required for Bipolar Spindle Assembly and for Proper Kinetochore Microtubule Attachments During Prometaphase I in Drosophila Oocytes, Volume 7  
Author: Copenhaver, Gregory P.
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Genetics
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), PLoS Genetics
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Copenhaver, G. P. (n.d.). Plos Genetics : Gamma-tubulin is Required for Bipolar Spindle Assembly and for Proper Kinetochore Microtubule Attachments During Prometaphase I in Drosophila Oocytes, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://members.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description : In many animal species the meiosis I spindle in oocytes is anastral and lacks centrosomes. Previous studies of Drosophila oocytes failed to detect the native form of the germline-specific c-tubulin (cTub37C) in meiosis I spindles, and genetic studies have yielded conflicting data regarding the role of cTub37C in the formation of bipolar spindles at meiosis I. Our examination of living and fixed oocytes carrying either a null allele or strong missense mutation in the ctub37C gene demonstrates a role for cTub37C in the positioning of the oocyte nucleus during late prophase, as well as in the formation and maintenance of bipolar spindles in Drosophila oocytes. Prometaphase I spindles in ctub37C mutant oocytes showed wide, non-tapered spindle poles and disrupted positioning. Additionally, chromosomes failed to align properly on the spindle and showed morphological defects. The kinetochores failed to properly co-orient and often lacked proper attachments to the microtubule bundles, suggesting that cTub37C is required to stabilize kinetochore microtubule attachments in anastral spindles. Although spindle bipolarity was sometimes achieved by metaphase I in both ctub37C mutants, the resulting chromosome masses displayed highly disrupted chromosome alignment. Therefore, our data conclusively demonstrate a role for cTub37C in both the formation of the anastral meiosis I spindle and in the proper attachment of kinetochore microtubules. Finally, multispectral imaging demonstrates the presences of native cTub37C along the length of wild-type meiosis I spindles.

 

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