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Plos Genetics : Long Noncoding Rna Malat1 Controls Cell Cycle Progression by Regulating the Expression of Oncogenic Transcription Factor B-myb, Volume 9

By Clurman, Bruce E.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003953045
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos Genetics : Long Noncoding Rna Malat1 Controls Cell Cycle Progression by Regulating the Expression of Oncogenic Transcription Factor B-myb, Volume 9  
Author: Clurman, Bruce E.
Volume: Volume 9
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Genetics
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), PLoS Genetics
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Clurman, B. E. (n.d.). Plos Genetics : Long Noncoding Rna Malat1 Controls Cell Cycle Progression by Regulating the Expression of Oncogenic Transcription Factor B-myb, Volume 9. Retrieved from http://members.worldlibrary.net/


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Description : The long noncoding MALAT1 RNA is upregulated in cancer tissues and its elevated expression is associated with hyperproliferation, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. We demonstrate that MALAT1 levels are regulated during normal cell cycle progression. Genome-wide transcriptome analyses in normal human diploid fibroblasts reveal that MALAT1 modulates the expression of cell cycle genes and is required for G1/S and mitotic progression. Depletion of MALAT1 leads to activation of p53 and its target genes. The cell cycle defects observed in MALAT1-depleted cells are sensitive to p53 levels, indicating that p53 is a major downstream mediator of MALAT1 activity. Furthermore, MALAT1- depleted cells display reduced expression of B-MYB (Mybl2), an oncogenic transcription factor involved in G2/M progression, due to altered binding of splicing factors on B-MYB pre-mRNA and aberrant alternative splicing. In human cells, MALAT1 promotes cellular proliferation by modulating the expression and/or pre-mRNA processing of cell cycle–regulated transcription factors. These findings provide mechanistic insights on the role of MALAT1 in regulating cellular proliferation.

 

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