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Middle-energy Electron Anisotropies in the Auroral Region : Volume 22, Issue 1 (01/01/2004)

By Janhunen, P.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003973542
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 13
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Middle-energy Electron Anisotropies in the Auroral Region : Volume 22, Issue 1 (01/01/2004)  
Author: Janhunen, P.
Volume: Vol. 22, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Annales, Geophysicae
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Olsson, A., Laakso, H., Vaivads, A., & Janhunen, P. (2004). Middle-energy Electron Anisotropies in the Auroral Region : Volume 22, Issue 1 (01/01/2004). Retrieved from

Description: Finnish Meteorological Institute, Geophysical Research, Helsinki, Finland. Field-aligned anisotropic electron distribution functions of T > T type are observed on auroral field lines at both low and high altitudes. We show that typically the anisotropy is limited to a certain range of energies, often below 1keV, although sometimes extending to slightly higher energies as well. Almost always there is simultaneously an isotropic electron distribution at higher energies. Often the anisotropies are up/down symmetrical, although cases with net upward or downward electron flow also occur. For a statistical analysis of the anisotropies we divide the energy range into low (below 100eV), middle (100eV–1keV) and high (above 1keV) energies and develop a measure of anisotropy expressed in density units. The statistical magnetic local time and invariant latitude distribution of the middle-energy anisotropies obeys that of the average auroral oval, whereas the distributions of the low and high energy anisotropies are more irregular. This suggests that it is specifically the middle-energy anisotropies that have something to do with auroral processes. The anisotropy magnitude decreases monotonically with altitude, as one would expect, because electrons have high mobility along the magnetic field and thus, the anisotropy properties spread rapidly to different altitudes.

Key words. Magnetospheric physics (auroral phenomena). Space plasma physics (wave-particle interactions; changed particle motion and acceleration)

Middle-energy electron anisotropies in the auroral region


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