World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Non-invasive Monitoring of Endocrine Status in Laboratory Primates: Methods, Guidelines and Applications : Volume 5, Issue 1 (12/11/2010)

By Heistermann, M.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003988522
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 9
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Non-invasive Monitoring of Endocrine Status in Laboratory Primates: Methods, Guidelines and Applications : Volume 5, Issue 1 (12/11/2010)  
Author: Heistermann, M.
Volume: Vol. 5, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Advances, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Heistermann, M. (2010). Non-invasive Monitoring of Endocrine Status in Laboratory Primates: Methods, Guidelines and Applications : Volume 5, Issue 1 (12/11/2010). Retrieved from

Description: Reproductive Biology Unit, German Primate Center, Kellnerweg 4, 37077 Goettingen, Germany. During the past three decades, non-invasive methods for assessing physiological, in particular endocrine, status have revolutionized almost all areas of primatology, including behavioural ecology, reproductive biology, stress research, conservation and last but not least management of primates in captivity where the technology plays an integral role in assisting the husbandry, breeding and welfare of many species. Non-invasive endocrine methods make use of the fact that hormones circulating in blood are secreted into saliva or deposited in hair and are eliminated from the body via urinary and faecal excretion. The choice of which matrix to use for hormonal assessment depends on a range of factors, including the type of information required, the measurement techniques involved, species differences in hormone metabolism and route of excretion and the practicality of sample collection. However, although sample collection is usually relatively easy, analysing hormones from these non-invasively collected samples is not as easy as many people think, particularly not when dealing with a new species. In this respect, the importance of a careful validation of each technique is essential in order to generate meaningful and accurate results. This paper aims to provide an overview of the available non-invasive endocrine-based methodologies, their relative merits and their potential areas of application for assessing endocrine status in primates, with special reference to captive environments. In addition, general information is given about the most important aspects and caveats researchers have to be aware of when using these methodologies.

Non-invasive monitoring of endocrine status in laboratory primates: methods, guidelines and applications

Ostner J, Kappeler PM, Heistermann M (2008) Androgen and glucocorticoid levels reflect seasonally occurring social challenges in male redfronted lemurs (\textitEulemur fulvus rufus). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 62:627–638; Palme R (2005) Measuring fecal steroids: guidelines for practical application. Ann NY Acad Sci 1046:75–80; Pearson BL, Judge PG, Reeder DM (2008) Effectiveness of saliva collection and enzyme-immunoassay for the quantification of cortisol in socially housed baboons. Am J Primatol 70:1145–1151; Perez L, Czekala NM, Weisenseel KA, Lasley BL (1988) Excretion of radiolabeled estradiol metabolites in the slow loris (\textitNycticebus coucang). Am J Primatol 16:321–330; Prescott MJ, Buchanan-Smith HM (2003) Training nonhuman primates using positive reinforcement techniques. J Appl Anim Welf Sci 6:157–161; Pryce CR, Schwarzenberger F, Döbeli M, Etter K (1995) Comparative study of oestrogen excretion in female New World monkeys: an overview of non-invasive ovarian monitoring and a new applicaton in evolutionary biology. Folia Primatol 64:107–123; Reeder DM, Kramer KM (2005) Stress in free-ranging mammals: Integrating physiology, ecology, and natural history. J Mammal 86:225–235; Robbins MM, Czekala NM (1997) A preliminary investigation of urinary testosterone and cortisol levels in wild male mountain gorillas. Am J Primatol 43:51–64; Schwarzenberger F (2007) The many uses of non-invasive faecal steroid monitoring in zoo and wildlife species. Int Zoo Ybk 41:52–74; Setchell JM, Smith T, Wickings EJ, Knapp LA (2008) Social correlates of testosterone and ornamentation in male mandrills. Horm Behav 54:365–372; Sherry DS, Ellison PT (2007) Potential applications of urinary C-peptide of insulin for comparative energetics research. Am J Phys Anthropol 133:771–778; Shideler SE, Munro CJ, Tell L, Owitt G, Laughlin LS, Chatterton RT, Lasley BL (1990) The relationship of serum estradiol and progesterone concentrations to the enzyme immunoassay measurements of urinary estrone conjugates and immunoreactive pregnanediol-3-glucuronide in \textitMacaca mulatta. Am J Primatol 22:113–122; Shideler SE, Ortuno AM, Mor~n FM, Moorman EA, Lasley BL (1993a) Simple extraction and enzyme immunoassays for estrogen and progesterone metabolites in the feces of \textitMacaca fascicularis during non-conceptive and conceptive ovarian cycles. Biol Reprod 48:1290–1298; Shideler SE, Savage A, Ortuno AM, Moorman EA, Lasley BL (1994) Monitoring female reproductive function by measurement of fecal estrogen and progesterone metabolites in the white-faced saki (\textitPithecia pithecia). Am J Primatol 32:95–108; Shideler SE, Shackleton CHL, Moran FM, Stauffer P, Lohstroh PN, Lasley BL (1993b) Enzyme immunoassays for ovarian steroid metabolites in the urine of \textitMacaca fascicularis. J Med Primatol 22:301–312; Smith TE, French JA (1997) Social and reproductive conditions modulate urinary cortisol excretion in black tufted-ear marmosets (\textitCallithrix \textitkuhli). Am J Primatol 42:253–267; Sousa MBC, Ziegler TE (1998) Diurnal variation on the excretion patterns of fecal steroids in common marmoset (\textitCallithrix jacchus) females. Am J Primatol 46:105–117; Stavisky RC, Whitten PL, Hammett DH, Kaplan JR (2001) Lake pigments facilitate analysis of fecal cortisol and behavior in group-housed macaques. Am J Phys Anthropol 116:51–58; Touma C, Palme R (2005) Measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in mammals and birds: the importance of validation. Ann NY Acad Sci 1046:54–74; von Engelhardt N, Kappeler PM, Heistermann M (2000) Androgen levels and female social dominance in \textitLemur catta. Proc R Soc Lond B 267:1533–1539; Wasser SK, Risler L, Steiner RA (1988) Excreted steroids in primate feces over the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Biol Reprod 39:862–872; Wasser SK, Monfort SL, Southers J, Wildt DE (1994) Excretion rates and metabolites of oestradiol and progesterone in baboon (\textitPapio cynocephalus cynocephalus) faeces. J Reprod Fertil 101:213–


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Regional Climate Projections in Two Alpi... (by )
  • Vince – a Case Study : Volume 2, Issue 1... (by )
  • The Benefits of Emergency Rescue and Rea... (by )
  • First Outcomes from the Cnr-isac Monthly... (by )
  • Analysis of Turbulence in Fog Episodes :... (by )
  • Ten Years Water and Energy Surface Balan... (by )
  • An Overview of the Use of Twitter in Nat... (by )
  • Quality Assessment of Heterogeneous Surf... (by )
  • Operational Generation of Avhrr-based Cl... (by )
  • Estimating the Photosynthetically Active... (by )
  • Wind Turbines in Icing Conditions: Perfo... (by )
  • Deriving Turbulence Characteristics from... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.