World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Locomotion and Postural Behaviour : Volume 5, Issue 1 (30/05/2011)

By Schmidt, M.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003988623
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 17
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Locomotion and Postural Behaviour : Volume 5, Issue 1 (30/05/2011)  
Author: Schmidt, M.
Volume: Vol. 5, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Advances, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2011
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Schmidt, M. (2011). Locomotion and Postural Behaviour : Volume 5, Issue 1 (30/05/2011). Retrieved from http://members.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description: Institut für Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Erbertstr. 1, 07743 Jena, Germany. The purpose of this article is to provide a survey of the diversity of primate locomotor behaviour for people who are involved in research using laboratory primates. The main locomotor modes displayed by primates are introduced with reference to some general morphological adaptations. The relationships between locomotor behaviour and body size, habitat structure and behavioural context will be illustrated because these factors are important determinants of the evolutionary diversity of primate locomotor activities. They also induce the high individual plasticity of the locomotor behaviour for which primates are well known. The article also provides a short overview of the preferred locomotor activities in the various primate families. A more detailed description of locomotor preferences for some of the most common laboratory primates is included which also contains information about substrate preferences and daily locomotor activities which might useful for laboratory practice. Finally, practical implications for primate husbandry and cage design are provided emphasizing the positive impact of physical activity on health and psychological well-being of primates in captivity.

Summary
Locomotion and postural behaviour

Excerpt
Arms A, Voges D, Fischer MS, Preuschoft H (2002) Arboreal locomotion in small New-World monkeys. Z Morph Anthropol 83:243–263; Arnason U, Gullberg A, Janke A (1998) Molecular timing of primate divergences as estimated by two nonprimate calibration points. J Mol Evol 47:718–727; Ashton EH, Oxnard CE (1964) Locomotor patterns in primates. Proc Zool Soc Lond 142:1–28; Baker KC, Weed JL, Crockett CM, Bloomsmith MA (2006) Survey of environmental enhancement programs for laboratory primates. Am J Primatol 69:377–394; Biewener AA (1983) Allometry of quadrupedal locomotion: the scaling of duty factor, bone curvature and limb orientation to body size. J Exp Biol 105:147–171; Bock WJ, von Wahlert G (1965) Adaptation and the form-function complex. Evolution 19:269–299; Boere V (2001) Environmental enrichment for neotropical primates in captivity. Ciência Rural, Santa Maria 31:543–551; Boinski S (1989) The positional behavior and substrate use of squirrel monkeys: ecological implications. J Hum Evol 18:659–677; Bryant CE, Rupniak NMJ, Iversen SD (1988) Effects of different environmental enrichment devices on cage stereotypies and autoaggression in captive cynomolgus monkeys. J Med Primatol 17:257–269; Dunbar DC (1989) Locomotor behavior of rhesus macaques (\textitMacaca mulatta) on Cayo Santiago. P R Health Sci J 8:79–85; Cartmill M (1972) Arboreal adaptations and the origin of the order Primates. In: Tuttle RH (ed) The functional and evolutionary biology of primates. Chicago: Aldine-Atherton. p 97–122; Cartmill M (1974) Pads and claws in arboreal locomotion. In: Jenkins FA Jr (ed) Primate locomotion. New York: Academic Press. p 45–83; Cartmill M, Lemelin P, Schmitt D (2002) Support polygons and symmetrical gaits in mammals. Zool J Linn Soc 136:401–420; Chaouloff F (2008) Physical exercise and brain monoamines: a review. Acta Physiol Scand 137:1–13.; Charles-Dominique P, Martin RD (1970) Evolution of lorises and lemurs. Nature 227:257–260; Crompton RH (1984) Foraging, habitat structure, and locomotion in two species of \textitGalago. In: Cant JG Rodman PC (eds) Adaptations for foraging in non-human primates. New York~: Columbia University Press. p. 73–111; Cuvier G (1817) Le Règne Animal. Paris; Dagosto M (1995) Seasonal variation in positional behavior of Malagasy lemurs. Int J Primatol 16:807–833; Demes B, Günther MM (1989) Biomechanics and allometric scaling in primate locomotion and morphology. Folia Primatol 53:125–141; Demes B, Larson SG, Stern JT, Jungers WL, Biknevicius AR, Schmitt D (1994) The kinetics of primate quadrupedalism: hindlimb drive reconsidered. J Hum Evol 26:353–374; Demes B, Jungers WL, Fleagle JG Wunderlich RE Richmond BG Lemelin P (1996) Body size and leaping kinematics in Malagasy vertical clingers and leapers. J Hum Evol 31:367–388; Doyle GA, Martin RD (1979) The study of prosimian behavior. New York: Academic Press; Doran DM, Hunt KD (1994) Comparative locomotor behavior of chimpanzees and Bonobos: species and habitat differences. In: Wrangham RW McGrew WC de Waal FBM Heltne P (eds) Chimpanzee cultures. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. p 93–108; Erikson GE (1963) Brachiation in New World monkeys and anthropoid apes. Symp Zool Soc Lond 10:135–164; Fischer MS, Blickhan R (2006) The tri-segmented limbs of therian mammals: kinematics, dynamics, and self-stabilization. J Exp Zool 305:935–952; Fleagle JG (1999) Primate adaptation and evolution. San Diego: Academic Press; Fleagle JG, Mittermeier RA (1980) Locomotor behavior, body size, and comparative ecology of seven Surinam monkeys. Am J Phys Anthropol 52:301–314; Fleagle JG, Mittermeier RA, Skopec AL (1981) Differential habitat use by \textitCebus apella and \textitSaimiri sciureus in central Surinam. Primates 22:361–367; Fontaine R (1990) Positional behavior in \textitSaimiri boliviensis and \textitAteles geoffroyi. Am J Phys Anthropol 82:485–508; Ford SM (1980) Callitrichids as phyletic dwarfs, and the place of Callitrichidae in Platyrrhini. Primates 21:31–4

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • The Impact of Biogenic Voc Emissions on ... (by )
  • Site-dependent Decrease of Odour-related... (by )
  • Data-driven Exploration of Orographic En... (by )
  • Caliope: an Operational Air Quality Fore... (by )
  • An Empirical Method for Estimating Proba... (by )
  • Tornado Funnel-shaped Cloud as Convectio... (by )
  • Development of a Longterm Dataset of Sol... (by )
  • Yearly Changes in Surface Solar Radiatio... (by )
  • Environmental Enrichment for Primates in... (by )
  • Satellite-based Climate Information With... (by )
  • Urban Warming in Villages : Volume 12, I... (by )
  • Diurnal Course Analysis of the Wrf-simul... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.