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Meteorology During the Domino Campaign and Its Connection with Trace Gases and Aerosols : Volume 13, Issue 7 (22/07/2013)

By Adame, J. A.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003993297
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 53
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Meteorology During the Domino Campaign and Its Connection with Trace Gases and Aerosols : Volume 13, Issue 7 (22/07/2013)  
Author: Adame, J. A.
Volume: Vol. 13, Issue 7
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2013
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Hidalgo, P. J., Sorribas, M., De Arellano, J. V., Hernández-Ceballos, M. A., Hosaynali-Beygi, Z., Martínez, M.,...Song, W. (2013). Meteorology During the Domino Campaign and Its Connection with Trace Gases and Aerosols : Volume 13, Issue 7 (22/07/2013). Retrieved from http://members.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description: Atmospheric Sounding Station – El Arenosillo, Atmospheric Research and Instrumentation Branch, National Institute for Aerospace Technology, Huelva, Spain. The DOMINO (Diel Oxidant Mechanisms in relation to Nitrogen Oxides) campaign was carried out from 21 November to 8 December 2008 at El Arenosillo station (SW of Spain) in a coastal-rural background environment. The main weather conditions are analysed using local meteorological variables, meteorological soundings, synoptic maps, as well as back trajectories of the air masses using the HYSPLIT model and high spatial resolution of meteorological fields. Measurements of the main meteorological parameters were collected both on the surface and on a tall tower. A detailed land use analysis was performed on a 80 km scale showing the main vegetation types. Also the main anthropogenic atmospheric emission sources both industrial-urban from Huelva and from the urban Seville area are shown. A study to identify air mass origins and their variation with height was carried out. In this intensive campaign air masses coming from different areas with different emission sources were observed: from the NW, with a highly industrial-urban character; continental flows from northerly directions; from the NE, with pathway, first, over the Seville metropolitan area and, then, over the Doñana National Park; and maritime air masses coming from the Atlantic Ocean. To study the chemistry in the four atmospheric scenarios identified, gas phase measurements of primary and secondary species such as ozone, NO, NO2 and SO2, biogenic and anthropogenic VOCs like benzene and isoprene, as well as total particles concentration and chemical composition of the aerosols are compared and discussed. The highest levels for total particle concentration, NO, NO2, SO2, benzene, PM10, PM2.5 and chemical elements such as As or Cu were found under flows associated with industrial-urban emissions from the Huelva-Portugal sector which are transported to the site before significant removal by chemical or deposition mechanism can occur. The air masses from the north were affected mainly by crustal elements and biogenic sources, the latter being exemplified by the biogenic species such as isoprene, particularly in the first part of the campaign. The urban air from the Seville area, before arriving at El Arenosillo traverses the Doñana National Park and therefore, was affected by industrial-urban and biogenic emissions. This air can transport low levels of NOx, total particle concentration and SO2 with aged ozone and some isoprene. Marine air masses from the Atlantic Ocean influence El Arenosillo frequently. Under these conditions the lowest levels of almost all the species were measured with the exception of ozone levels associated to long-range transport.

Summary
Meteorology during the DOMINO campaign and its connection with trace gases and aerosols

Excerpt
Adame, J. A., Bolívar, J. P., and De la Morena, B.: Surface ozone measurements in the Southwest of the Iberian Peninsula (Huelva, Spain), Environ. Sci. Pollut. R., 17, 355–368, doi:10.1007/s11356-008-0098-9, 2010a.; Adame, J. A., Serrano, E., Bolívar, J. P., and De la Morena, B.: On the tropospheric ozone variations in a coastal area of the southwestern Europe under mesoscale circulation, J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 49, 748–759, 2010b.; Antón, M., Sorribas, M., Bennouna, Y., Vilaplana, J. M., Cachorro, V. E., Gröbner, J., and Alados-Arboledas, L.: Effects of an extreme desert dust event on the spectral ultraviolet irradiance at El Arenosillo (Spain), J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 117, D03205, doi:10.1029/2011JD016645, 2012.; CMAJA: Inventario de Emisiones a la Atmósfera en Andalucía, available at: http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/medioambiente (last access: 18 July 2013), 2005.; Cristofanelli, P., Marinoni, A., Arduini, J., Bonafè, U., Calzolari, F., Colombo, T., Decesari, S., Duchi, R., Facchini, M. C., Fierli, F., Finessi, E., Maione, M., Chiari, M., Calzolai, G., Messina, P., Orlandi, E., Roccato, F., and Bonasoni, P.: Significant variations of trace gas composition and aerosol properties at Mt. Cimone during air mass transport from North Africa – contributions from wildfire emissions and mineral dust, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 4603–4619, doi:10.5194/acp-9-4603-2009, 2009.; Crowley, J. N., Thieser, J., Tang, M. J., Schuster, G., Bozem, H., Beygi, Z. H., Fischer, H., Diesch, J.-M., Drewnick, F., Borrmann, S., Song, W., Yassaa, N., Williams, J., Pöhler, D., Platt, U., and Lelieveld, J.: Variable lifetimes and loss mechanisms for NO3 and N2O5 during the DOMINO campaign: contrasts between marine, urban and continental air, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 10853–10870, doi:10.5194/acp-11-10853-2011, 2011.; De la Rosa, J. D., Sánchez de la Campa, A. M., Alastuey, A., Querol, X., González-Castanedo, Y., Fernández-Camacho, R., Stein, A. F.: Using PM10 geochemical maps for defining the origin of atmospheric pollution in Andalusia (Southern Spain), Atmos. Environ., 44, 4595–4605, 2010.; Diesch, J.-M., Drewnick, F., Zorn, S. R., von der Weiden-Reinmüller, S.-L., Martinez, M., and Borrmann, S.: Variability of aerosol, gaseous pollutants and meteorological characteristics associated with changes in air mass origin at the SW Atlantic coast of Iberia, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3761–3782, doi:10.5194/acp-12-3761-2012, 2012.; Draxler, R. R. and Rolph, G. D.: HYSPLIT (HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory) Model access via NOAA ARL READY Website, available at: http://ready.arl.noaa.gov/HYSPLIT.php (last access: 18 July 2013), NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD, 2011.; Drewnick, F., Böttger, T., von der Weiden-Reinmüller, S.-L., Zorn, S. R., Klimach, T., Schneider, J., and Borrmann, S.: Design of a mobile aerosol research laboratory and data processing tools for effective stationary and mobile field measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 1443–1457, doi:10.5194/amt-5-1443-2012, 2012.; Frossard, A. A., Shaw, P. M., Russell, L. M., Kroll, J. H., Canagaratna, M. R., Worsnop, D. R., Quinn, P. K., and Bates, T. S.: Springtime Arctic haze contributions of submicron organic particles from European and Asian combustion sources, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D05205, doi:10.1029/2010JD015178

 

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