World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Quiet-condition Variations in the Scale Height at F2-layer Peak at Jicamarca During Solar Minimum and Maximum : Volume 25, Issue 12 (02/01/2008)

By Lee, C.-c.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004001618
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 10
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Quiet-condition Variations in the Scale Height at F2-layer Peak at Jicamarca During Solar Minimum and Maximum : Volume 25, Issue 12 (02/01/2008)  
Author: Lee, C.-c.
Volume: Vol. 25, Issue 12
Language: English
Subject: Science, Annales, Geophysicae
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Reinisch, B. W., & Lee, C. (2008). Quiet-condition Variations in the Scale Height at F2-layer Peak at Jicamarca During Solar Minimum and Maximum : Volume 25, Issue 12 (02/01/2008). Retrieved from

Description: General Education Center, Ching-Yun University, Jhongli City, Taoyuan County, Taiwan. This study is the first attempt to examine the quiet-condition variations in scale height (Hm) near the F2-layer peak in the equatorial ionosphere. The data periods of Hm derived from the Jicamarca ionograms are January-December 1996 and April 1999–March 2000. The results show that the greatest and smallest Hm values are generally at 11:00–12:00 LT and 04:00–05:00 LT, respectively. Additionally, the sunrise peak occurs at 06:00 LT only during solar minimum. The post-sunset peaks in the equinoctial and summer months are more obvious during solar maximum. The Hm difference between solar minimum and maximum are significant from afternoon to midnight. On the other hand, the Hm values during 07:00–10:00 LT for solar minimum are close to those for solar maximum. Furthermore, the correlation of Hm with the critical frequency (foF2) of F2-layer is generally low. In contrast, the correlation between Hm and the peak height (hmF2) of F2-layer is high. For Hm and the thickness parameter (B0) of F2-layer, the correlation between these two parameters is almost perfect.

Quiet-condition variations in the scale height at F2-layer peak at Jicamarca during solar minimum and maximum

Stankov, S. M. and Jakowski, N.: Topside plasma scale height retrieved from radio occultation measurements, Adv. Space Res., 37, 958–962, 2006.; Belehaki, A., Marinov, P., Kutiev, I., Jakowski, N., and Stankov, S.: Comparison of the topside ionosphere scale height determined by topside sounders model and bottomside digisonde profile, Adv. Space Res., 37, 963–966, 2006.; Bilitza, D.: International Reference ionosphere 2000, Radio Sci., 36, 261–275, 2001.; Booker, H. G.: Fitting of multi-region ionospheric profiles of electron density by a single analytic function of height, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 39, 619–623, 1977.; Di Giovanni, G. and Radicella, S. M.: An analytical model of the electron density profile in the ionosphere, Adv. Space Res., 10(11), 27–30, 1990.; Farley, D. T., Bonelli, E., and Fejer, B. G..: The pre-reversal enhancement of the zonal electric field in the equatorial ionosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 91, 13 723–13 728, 1986.; Fejer, B. G., de Paula, E. R., Gonzales, S. A., and Woodman, R. F.: Average vertical and zonal plasma drift over Jicamarca, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 13 901–13 906, 1991.; Reinisch, B. W. and Huang, X.: Deducing topside profile and total electron content form bottomside ionograms, Adv. Space Res., 27(1), 23–30, 2001.; Fejer, B. G., Scherliess, L., and de Paula, E. R.: Effects of the vertical plasma drift velocity on the generation and evolution of equatorial F, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 19 859–19 869, 1999.; Huang, X. and Reinisch, B. W.: Vertical electron content from ionogram in real time, Radio Sci., 36, 335–342, 2001.; Lee, C. C. and Reinisch, B. W.: Quiet-condition hmF2, NmF2, and B0 variations at Jicamarca and comparison with IRI-2001 during solar maximum, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phy., 68, 18, 2138–2146, 2006.; Lee, C. C., Reinisch, B. W., Su, S. -Y., and Chen, W. S.: Quiet-time variations of F2 layer parameters at Jicamarca and comparison with IRI-2001 during solar minimum, J. Atmos. Sol-Terr. Phy., in press, 2007.; Liu, L., Wan, W., and Ning, B.: A study of the ionogram derived effective scale height around the ionospheric hmF2, Ann. Geophys., 24, 851–860, 2006.; Liu, L., Le, H., Wan, W., Sulzer, M. P., Lei, J. and Zhang, M. L.: An analysis of the scale height in the lower topside ionosphere based on the Arecibo incoherent scatter radar measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A06307, doi:10.1029/2007JA012250, 2007.; Mosert, M., Ezquer, R., de la Morene, B., Altadill, D., Mansilla, G., and Miro Amarante, G.: Behaviors of the scale height at the Fe layer peak derived from digisonde measurements at tow European stations, Adv. Space Res., 39, 755–758, 2007.; Rawer, K.: Synthesis of ionospheric electron density profiles with Epstein functions, Adv. Space Res., 8(4), 191–198, 1988.; Rawer, K., Bilitza, D., and Gulyaeva, T. L.: New formulas for IRI electron density profile in the topside and middle ionosphere, Adv. Space Res., 5(7), 3–12, 1985.; Reinisch, B. W. and Huang, X.: Finding better B0 and B1 parameters for the IRI F2 profile function, Adv. Space Res., 22, 741–747, 1998; Reinisch, B. W.: Modern ionosondes, in Modern Radio Science, edited by: Kohl, H., Ruester, R., and Schlegel, K., European Geophysical Society, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany, 440–458, 1996.; Reinisch, B. W., Huang, X. Q., Belehaki, A., Shi, J. H., Zhang, M. L., and Iima, R.: Modeling the IRI topside profile using scale heights from ground-based ionosonde measurements, Adv. Space Res., 34(9), 2026–2031, 2004.; Stankov, S. M., Jakowski, N., Heise, S., Muhtarov, P., Kutiev, I., and Warnant, R.: A new method for reconstruction of the vertical electron density distribution in the upper ionosphere and plasmasphere, J. Geophys. Res., 108(A5), 1164, doi:10.1029/2002JA009570, 2003.; Zhang, M. L., Reinisch, B. W., Shi, J. K., Wu, S. Z., and Wang, X.: Diurnal and seasona


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Deriving the Normalised Ion-neutral Coll... (by )
  • A Comparison Between Mesospheric Wind Me... (by )
  • Two Distinct Energetic Electron Populati... (by )
  • The Influence of the Interplanetary Medi... (by )
  • An Initial Response of Magnetic Fields a... (by )
  • Modeling Study of Mesospheric Planetary ... (by )
  • Combining T/P Altimetric Data with Hydro... (by )
  • Solar Cycle Variations of the Energetic ... (by )
  • Determination of Meteor-head Echo Trajec... (by )
  • Scale Size and Life Time of Energy Conve... (by )
  • The Dynamic Cusp Aurora on 30 November 1... (by )
  • The Role of the Vertical E×B Drift for t... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.