World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Determination of Hydrological Roughness by Means of Close Range Remote Sensing : Volume 1, Issue 2 (14/09/2015)

By Kaiser, A.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004023617
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 8
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Determination of Hydrological Roughness by Means of Close Range Remote Sensing : Volume 1, Issue 2 (14/09/2015)  
Author: Kaiser, A.
Volume: Vol. 1, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Soil
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Neugirg, F., Schindewolf, M., Haas, F., Schmidt, J., Kaiser, A., & Becht, M. (2015). Determination of Hydrological Roughness by Means of Close Range Remote Sensing : Volume 1, Issue 2 (14/09/2015). Retrieved from

Description: Technical University Bergakademie Freiberg, Germany. The objective of the presented work was to develop a method to acquire Manning's n by creating very high-resolution surface models with structure-from-motion methods. As hydraulic roughness is an essential parameter for physically based erosion models, a practical measuring technique is valuable during field work. Data acquisition took place during several field experiments in the Lainbach valley, southern Germany, and on agricultural sites in Saxony, eastern Germany, and in central Brazil. Rill and interrill conditions were simulated by flow experiments. In order to validate our findings stream velocity was measured with colour tracers. Grain sizes were derived by measuring distances from a best fit line to the reconstructed soil surface. Several diameters from D50 to D90 were tested with D90 showing best correlation between tracer experiments and photogrammetrically acquired data. Several roughness parameters were tested (standard deviation, random roughness, Garbrecht's n and D90). Best agreement in between the grain size and the hydraulic roughness was achieved with a non-linear sigmoid function and D90 rather than with the Garbrecht equation or statistical parameters.

Determination of hydrological roughness by means of close range remote sensing

Abbott, E. J. and Firestone, F. A.: Specifying surface quality: a method based on accurate measurement and comparison, ASME Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 55, 569–572, 1933.; Agisoft: Lens:, last access: 10 May 2014.; Agisoft: PhotoScan:, last access: 12 May 2014.; Banasik, K. and Bley, D.: An attempt at modelling suspended sediment concentration after storm events in an Alpine torrent, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, 52, 161–170, 1994.; Becht, M.: Neue Erkenntnisse zur Entstehung pleistozäner Talverfüllungen, Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart, 39, 1–9, 1989.; Borselli, L. and Torri, D.: Soil roughness, slope and surface storage relationship for impervious areas, J. Hydrol., 393, 389–400, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.09.002, 2010.; Bunza, G., Ploner, A., and Sönser, T.: Die Modellierung des Abfluss- und Feststofftransportes in Wildbächen für die Beurteilung und Planung von Schutzmassnahmen dargestellt am Beispiel des Lainbach bei Benediktbeuern, Bayern, Internationales Symposium INTERPRAEVENT 2004 – Riva, Trient, 6, 83–92, 2004.; Cremers, N. H., Van Dijk, P. M., de Roo A. P. J., and Verzandvoort, M. A.: Spatial and temporal variability of soil surface roughness and the application in hydrological and soil erosion modelling, Hydrol. Process., 1035–1047, 1996.; de Jong, C.: Temporal and spatial interactions between river bed roughness, geometry, bedload transport and flow hydraulics in mountain streams: Examples from Squaw Creek (Montana, USA) and Lainbach/Schmiedlaine (Upper Bavaria, Germany), Berliner geographische Abhandlungen, Heft 59, Berlin, 229 pp., 1995.; de Roo, A. P. J. and Wesseling, C. G.: LISEM: A single-event physically based hydrological and soil erosion model for drainage basins. I.: Theory, input and output, Hydrol. Process., 10, 1107–1117, 1996.; Emmett, W. W.: The Hydraulics of Overland Flow On Hillslopes: Dynamic and descriptive studies of hillslopes, Geological survey professional paper, A1–A67, 1970.; Garbrecht, G.: Abflussberechnungen für Flüsse und Kanäle, Die Wasserwirtschaft, 3, 72–77, 1961.; Grottenthaler, W. and Laatsch, W.: Untersuchungen über den Hangabtrag im Lainbachtal bei Benediktbeuern, Forstwirtschaft, 92, 1–19, 1973.; James, M. R. and Robson, S.: Straightforward reconstruction of 3D surfaces and topography with a camera: Accuracy and geoscience application, J. Geophys. Res., 117, 1–17, doi:10.1029/2011JF002289, 2012.; Kaiser, A., Neugirg, F., Rock, G., Müller, C., Haas, F., Ries, J., and Schmidt, J.: Small-Scale Surface Reconstruction and Volume Calculation of Soil Erosion in Complex Moroccan Gully Morphology Using Structure from Motion, Remote Sensing, 6, 7050–7080, doi:10.3390/rs6087050, 2014.; Kaiser, A., Neugirg, F., Schindewolf, M., Haas, F., and Schmidt, J.: Simulation of rainfall effects on sediment transport on steep slopes in an Alpine catchment, Proc. IAHS, 367, 43–50, doi:10.5194/piahs-367-43-2015, 2015.; Laflen, J. M., Lane, L. J., and Foster, G. R.: WEPP – a next generation of erosion prediction technology, J. Soil Water Conserv., 34–38, 1991.; Lowe, D. G.: Object Recognition from Local Scale-Invariant Features, International Conference of Computer Vision, Corfu, 1999.; Michael, A.: Anwendung des physikalisch begründeten Erosionsprognosemodells EROSION 2D/3D – Empirische Ansätze zur Ableitung der Modellparameter, Dissertation, 147 pp., 2000.; Neugirg, F., Kaiser, A., Schmidt, J., Becht, M., and Haas, F.: Quantification, Analysis and Modelling of soil erosion on stee


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Assimilating Globcolour Ocean Colour Dat... (by )
  • Toward a Multivariate Reanalysis of the ... (by )
  • Relating Agulhas Leakage to the Agulhas ... (by )
  • Museum Bulletin Volume: no. 143 1910 (by )
  • Assessment of the Structure and Variabil... (by )
  • Global Distribution of Soil Organic Carb... (by )
  • Estuarine Circulation Reversals and Rela... (by )
  • A Combined Quality-control Methodology i... (by )
  • International Catalogue of Scientific Li... Volume Div. K, 1914 (by )
  • Nature; Volume: 84 July-Oct 1910 (by )
  • New York State Museum Bulletin Volume: no. 197-199 1917 (by )
  • Museum Bulletin Volume: no. 147 1911 (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.